A consumer-research study was conducted in Fall 2003 to determine professional chefs' preferences for edamame or vegetable soybean (Glycine max) cultivars, their estimated demand for edamame and their interest in acquiring edamame from local Pennsylvania growers. Twenty chefs in the Metro-Philadelphia area were provided with shelled (beans removed from the pod) and unshelled edamame of three cultivars, `Early Hakucho,' `Green Legend', and `Kenko,' and asked to create a recipe using edamame as an ingredient. Chefs were also asked to rate the edamame cultivars based on overall appeal and firmness and complete a follow-up survey on their preferences for the edamame provided, prior use and interest in locally grown edamame. Chefs preferred shelled `Green Legend' edamame, but many indicated that all cultivars were acceptable. The majority of chefs also noted that they were “very likely” to use edamame as an ingredient in a recipe again and 70% noted that they were interested in obtaining contact information for small-acreage growers in Pennsylvania who produce edamame. Results indicate that there is likely a demand for edamame amongst chefs in the Metro-Philadelphia area. Results from this study will be used to develop a marketing strategy for small-acreage growers.
A field trial investigating the use of living mulches for weed management in edamame (Glycine max), also known as vegetable soybean, was conducted in 2003 at the Russell E. Larson Agricultural Research Center, Rock Springs, Pa. Edamame was direct seeded on 24-25 June 2003. Seven weeks later, the living mulch treatments were broadcast seeded. The living mulch species were white clover (Trifolium repens), buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) and a control with no living mulch (bare ground). Each living mulch plot was divided into a weeded and non-weeded subplot. Weed pressure was evaluated every 2 weeks from the time living mulches were sown. Data collected included the total number of weeds present, number of different species present, number of broadleaf and grass species and number of annual and perennial species. The total number of weeds in weeded and non-weeded subplots was lowest in the buckwheat and highest in the clover. Species diversity in weeded subplots was lowest for the control and highest in clover while species diversity in non-weeded subplots was lowest in buckwheat and highest in the control. Overall, most weeds present were broadleaf annuals including pigweeds (Amaranthus spp.), shepard's purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris), common lambsquarters (Cheno-podium album) and common purslane (Portulaca oleracea). Based on this 1-year study, which will be repeated in 2004, the buckwheat treatment is likely the most effective in managing weeds in edamame field production for consideration by Pennsylvania growers.
Edamame, an edible version of soybean ( Glycine max ), is emerging in popularity in North America. A nutritious and appetizing vegetable with a sweet, nutty flavor ( Miles et al., 2000 ), edamame is harvested when pods are bright green and immature
seed size on soybean [ Glycine max (L.) Merrill] emergence under simulated soil crust conditions Field Crops Res. 14 371 375 Monsanto 2015 National product profile AG3533. 3 Nov. 2017. < http://www.agseedselect.com/product-profile/national/5E9NUR2XF
.T. Pennington, J.S. 1971 Stages of development descriptions for soybeans, Glycine max (L.) Merrill Crop Sci. 11 929 931 Hanway, J.J. Weber, C.R. 1971 Dry matter accumulation in eight soybean ( Glycine max (L.) Merrill) varieties Agron. J. 63 227 230 Hartwig
, we carried out a detailed proteomic analysis of soybean seeds at the seed-filling stage using 2-DE followed by LC-MS/MS. Materials and Methods Plant materials and growth conditions. The vegetable soybean ( Glycine max ) Mindou 6 was newly bred by the
Soybean [ Glycine max (L.) Merr.] is an important crop grown worldwide for the provision of vegetable oil for human consumption and protein meal for animal feeds. Edamame, a Japanese term, is a type of specialty soybeans, also called vegetable
I noticed that seeds of soybean [glycine max (L.) Merrill cv. Dunn] remained dry and brittle after a prolonged period of rain, even though the senescent pods were thoroughly wetted. This observation led me to hypothesize that pods might contain substances which block imbibition of water by seeds.
The performance of the mung bean cultivar Thai Green Oil was compared with the soybean cutivar Hsih-Hsih over a range of 12 plant densities from 10,000 to 800,000 plants/ha. Increasing plant density was positively related to yield and plant height and negatively related with significant reductions in flowering, yield per plant and plant branching. The higher yield potential of soybeans at high plant densities, relative to mung bean, was attributed to differences in the production of the number of flowers per plant and, subsequently, the number of pods per plant. This relationship can be applied to breeding and selecting improved mung bean cultivars.
During a 6 day sprouting period, carbohydrates and lipids decreased in soybean seeds (Glycine max L.). Stachyose and raffinose which are not digestible by humans, decreased about 80% in 3 days and disappeared in 6 days. Protein decreased slightly while amino acids increased rapidly. Taste acceptability of 3-day-old soybean sprouts and mung bean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek var. radiata) sprouts were similar.