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María Daniela Mares-Quiñones and Juan Ignacio Valiente-Banuet

Piquin pepper plants [ Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum (Dunal) Heiser and Pickergill] are considered one of the predecessors of cultivated peppers ( Eshbaugh, 1975 ; Medina-Martínez et al., 2010 ). As products, piquin peppers are highly

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John R. Stommel

) seed count parents from both crosses. Table 1. Mean values and standard errors for pepper fruit seed count in parental, F 1 , F 2 , and backcross generations from the Capsicum annuum L. crosses G15C98 × G15C99 and G15C104 × G15C105, respectively. Fig

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Shiva Ram Bhandari, Bo-Deul Jung, Hum-Young Baek and Young-Sang Lee

Red pepper ( Capsicum annuum L.), which is used as a pungent spice in foods and food products for flavoring and coloring, is one of the most widely consumed vegetables in the world ( Garces-Claver et al., 2007 ). In South Korea, dried red pepper

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Ariadna Monroy-Barbosa and Paul W. Bosland

Phytophthora root rot and Phytophthora foliar blight resistance in Capsicum annuum L J. Amer. Hort. Soc. 130 75 78 Sy, O. Steiner, R. Bosland, P.W. 2008 Recombinant inbred line differential identifies race

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Chae Shin Lim, Seong Mo Kang, Jeoung Lai Cho, Kenneth C. Gross and Allan B. Woolf

Sweet cultivars of Capsicum annuum L. are widely cultivated throughout the world because of their nutritional value, flavor, and color. However, bell peppers are susceptible to chilling injury (CI) below 7 °C ( Paull, 1990 ) depending on

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Zheng Wang, Mark Williams, Krista Jacobsen and Timothy Coolong

controlling soil moisture-based irrigation in field-grown vegetables HortScience 48 S45 abstr. Diaz-Perez, J.C. 2010 Bell pepper ( Capsicum annuum L.) grown on plastic film mulches: Effects on crop microenvironment, physiological attributes, and fruit yield

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John R. Stommel and Robert J. Griesbach

capsicums CAB International Wallingford, UK Deshpande, R.B. 1933 Studies in Indian chilies. 3. The inheritance of some characters in Capsicum annuum L Indian J. Agr. Sci. 3 219 300 Lightbourn, G

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Juan Carlos Díaz-Pérez and James E. Hook

efficiency in the use of water and nutrients in vegetable crops ( Simonne et al., 2010 ). Bell pepper ( Capsicum annuum L.) is an important vegetable crop in the state of Georgia, with a farm gate value of $122 million on 2078 ha in 2014 ( Wolfe and Stubbs

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John R. Stommel and Robert J. Griesbach

Many vegetables have ornamental as well as food value. Widely grown vegetable crops such as pepper ( Capsicum annuum L.) were prized more as ornamentals than as a food source when introduced to Europe in the 15th century ( Stommel and Bosland

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Ramon Dolcet-Sanjuan and Elisabet Claveria

Anthers from more than 17000 flowers of 19 bell pepper Capsicum annuum L. hybrids (provided by `Semillas Fitó S.A.') were cultured in a double layer modified H medium (Nitsch and Nitsch, 1969) supplemented with 0.5 % activated charcoal and 0.26 % Gelrite in the solid phase. Significant differences between genotypes were observed on embryogenesis (472.3 to 9.7 embryos / 100 flowers) and number of plants rescued (4.0 to 0.3 plants / 100 flowers). Trying out maltose, malt extract, and sucrose. as carbohydrates, at 20, 40, 60 or 80 g/l, gave significantly better results for maltose (20 or 40 g/l). In addition, maintaining the anther cultures in an atmosphere enriched with 600 ppm CO2 was beneficial for embryo number, embryo development and number of rescued plants. Isocitrate dehydrogenase zymograms from leaf extracts indicate the microspore origin of the acclimated plants. Flow citometry of nuclei was used to determined an early diploidization of 70 % of the acclimated plants.