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Vidyasagar R. Sathuvalli, Shawn A. Mehlenbacher and David C. Smith

hazelnut industry is threatened by the disease eastern filbert blight (EFB) caused by the pyrenomycete Anisogramma anomala (Peck) E. Müller. The fungus, an obligate biotroph with a 2-year life cycle ( Pinkerton et al., 1995 ), causes severe stem cankers

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Thomas J. Molnar, Joseph C. Goffreda and C. Reed Funk

Anisogramma anomala (Peck) E. Müller is the incitant of the disease eastern filbert blight (EFB), which causes severe cankering, branch dieback, and the death of most European hazelnuts, Corylus avellana L. It is an obligate biotrophic

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Thomas J. Molnar, David E. Zaurov, Joseph C. Goffreda and Shawn A. Mehlenbacher

Eastern filbert blight (EFB), incited by the fungus Anisogramma anomala (Peck) E. Müller, is an endemic disease of the wild American hazelnut, Corylus americana Marsh. The fungus is found associated with C. americana throughout its native

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Vidyasagar R. Sathuvalli, Shawn A. Mehlenbacher and David C. Smith

world’s hazelnuts. One of the threats to Oregon’s hazelnut industry is the fungal disease EFB caused by the pyrenomycete Anisogramma anomala (Peck) E. Müller. The fungus is an obligate biotroph with a 2-year life cycle ( Pinkerton et al., 1995 ) that

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Vidyasagar R. Sathuvalli, Shawn A. Mehlenbacher and David C. Smith

-ranked United States represents 3.4% of the world's hazelnuts ( Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2009 ). One threat to Oregon's hazelnut industry is the fungal disease EFB caused by the pyrenomycete Anisogramma anomala . The fungus is an

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John M. Capik, Megan Muehlbauer, Ari Novy, Josh A. Honig and Thomas J. Molnar

Eastern filbert blight, caused by the ascomycete fungus Anisogramma anomala , is an endemic disease of the wild American hazelnut, Corylus americana . This pathogen is associated with C. americana throughout its native range, which spans much of

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Brooke C. Colburn, Shawn A. Mehlenbacher, Vidyasagar R. Sathuvalli and David C. Smith

5 years, while older orchards of Barcelona and Ennis are removed when they are heavily diseased and no longer productive. The pathogen Anisogramma anomala causes the disease EFB on susceptible trees of C. avellana . This fungus is endemic to the

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Gehendra Bhattarai, Shawn A. Mehlenbacher and David C. Smith

filbert blight, incited by the pyrenomycete Anisogramma anomala , is a serious threat to Oregon’s hazelnut industry. The fungus is native to the eastern United States where it occasionally produces small cankers on the wild american hazelnut. The fungus

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Thomas J. Molnar and John M. Capik

made since colonial times to produce hazelnuts in the eastern United States with little recorded success. It was eventually understood that the fungal disease eastern filbert blight (EFB), caused by Anisogramma anomala , an obligate biotrophic

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Megan F. Muehlbauer, Josh A. Honig, John M. Capik, Jennifer N. Vaiciunas and Thomas J. Molnar

, 2013 ). Ninety-nine percent of U.S. production comes from the Willamette Valley of Oregon. The lack of commercial hazelnut production in the eastern United States is largely the result of the disease EFB caused by the fungus Anisogramma anomala