Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f., belonging to the family Asphodelaceae ( Souza and Lorenzi, 2005 ), is one of a few Aloe species that has been explored by pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries ( Mapp and McCarthy, 1970 ; Morton, 1961 ). Biological
day increased as temperature increased from 10 to 16 °C on ‘Firebird’ aloe, ‘Key Lime Pie’ adromischus, prostrate rainbow bush, burro’s tail, and ‘Sir William Lawrence’ houseleek ( Table 2 ). Leaf-unfolding rate per day increased when temperature
True aloe ( Aloe vera ) and krantz aloe ( Aloe arborescens ) are currently being used for the extraction of cosmetic and nutraceutical active ingredients ( Cardarelli et al., 2017 ; Espinosa-Leal and Garcia-Lara, 2019 ). Krantz aloe has a wide
Aloes are xerophytes in the Aloeaceae in the Liliales that are cultivated for medicinal, vegetable, and cosmetic purposes in Africa, North America, and Southeast Asia. Approximately 400 species have been described in the genus Aloe . Aloe vera
Aloes are xerophytes in the Aloeaceae in the Liliales that are cultivated for ornamental, medicinal, vegetable, and cosmetic purposes in Africa, North America, Europe, and Southeast Asia ( Tawaraya et al., 2007 ). Approximately 500 species have
Aloes grow in a wide range of habitats and are an important group of medicinal plants in Africa. Traditionally, the harvesting of plant parts was sustainable and limited to household use. Currently, many Aloe species are threatened in Africa as a
Leaf extracts of Aloe barbadensis have been used in food products, cosmetics, medicines, and so on for centuries. Compounds and extracts from aloe leaves have been reported to accelerate wound healing, manage and treat thermal injuries, and
Aloe barbadensis (Aloe vera) plants remain in production fields for several years, with their lower leaves harvested periodically. A long-term experiment was initiated in November 1993 to determine the effects of fertilization and severeness of harvest on leaf yield. Plants were grown in large pots with or without monthly applications of a 20N–8.6P–16.6K soluble fertilizer from March to October. Beginning in June 1994, the lower leaves were harvested quarterly to have 18, 15, or 12 leaves remaining. Fertilization doubled the number of leaves harvested and tripled the total yield over a 2-year period. The lower leaves on the nonfertilized plants, particularly on plants with 18 leaves remaining, sometimes became dry or partially dry at harvest. The initial quarterly yield and cumulated yield were higher in plants with 12 leaves remaining; however, this trend disappeared over time. The fertilized plants produced an average of 10 kg per plant, while the nonfertilized plants produced only 3.2 kg per plant annually. At several harvests, plants with 18 leaves remaining had higher % dry mass in the inner semi-translucent tissue than those having 12 leaves. Leaves of nonfertilized plants had high % dry mass in the inner leaf tissue when harvested in June and September 1995. Plants with 12 leaves remaining can become unstable and the tops break off in gusty wind.
Shoot cultures of Aloe, Gasteria, and Haworthia species were initiated directly from immature inflorescences. Explants placed on a modified MS medium containing 5.4 mm zeatin riboside initiated shoots within 8 to 12 weeks. Long-term shoot cultures were established and maintained on media containing either 5.4 μm zeatin riboside or 4 μm BA. Shoots easily rooted in vitro, and rooted plantlets were esablished in soil. Chemical names used: N-(phenylmethyl)-1H-purin-6-amine (BA); 6-[4-hydroxy-3-methyl-but-2-enylamino]purine riboside (zeatin riboside).
Sabila is a plant that by his multiple applications in the medicine as in the naturist feeding and the cosmetics industry is taking a lot of importance at world-wide level. In addition, this is a crop that requires little amount of water to be developed satisfactorily, for this reason this crop is a good alternative to cultivate in the agricultural areas of the sonoran desert. The objective of this study was to determine the viability to produce sabila in the sonoran desert. During Summer 2002, two experiments of sabila was conducted, and distributed on two agricultural areas of the sonoran desert: The first experiment was carried out in two location of the agricultural region of Sonoyta, Sonora, Mexico, (“The Nariz” and “The Papago” farm). The second experiment was carried out in two lacation of the agricultural region of Caborca, Sonora, Mexico, (“The Bizani” and “The Coast” area) being the less cold area. During the first year we evaluated the surviving plants and the sprout emission. The result indicated that the plant in the Sonoyta region is more affected for the winter frosts, and it is reflected in a smaller average of surviving plants, being this of 78.6% and 97.8% in Sonoyta and Caborca respectively. Also we observed an effect in the percentage of plants that present sprout emission, being this of 11.25% and 23.65% in Sonoyta and Caborca respectively. Apparently the agricultural area of caborca has suitable condition for Sabila production.