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Shawn A. Mehlenbacher, David C. Smith and Rebecca L. McCluskey

York’ and ‘Felix’ are two new hazelnut ( Corylus avellana ) pollenizers. They were released by the Oregon Agricultural Experiment Station in Feb. 2012 to provide compatible pollen for cultivars Yamhill, Dorris, Wepster, McDonald and Jefferson

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Steven McArtney, Duane Greene, Tory Schmidt and Rongcai Yuan

Delicious’ apple trees stimulated flower bud formation. Thus, the transition from vegetative to floral development may be triggered by a chemical stimuli relatively late in the season. ‘York Imperial’ is an important processing apple in Virginia and

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Katherine B. Wing, Marvin P. Pritts and Wayne F. Wilcox

American Strawberry Growers Association, the New York Berry Growers Association, and Hatch Project NY142-402 for funding the project. Use of trade names does not imply endorsement of the products named nor criticism of similar ones not named. The cost of

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Rachel A. Kreis, Holly W. Lange, Stephen Reiners and Christine D. Smart

In New York, cauliflower production was estimated at a value of $2.6 million on a total of 470 acres in 2014 [ U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), 2015a ]. Although the majority of cauliflower production occurs in California and Arizona, there is

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Sarah J. Pethybridge, Niloofar Vaghefi and Julie R. Kikkert

The New York table beet industry currently supplies ≈30,000 tons annually and is the second largest producer for the processing and fresh markets in the United States ( U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2014 ). In New York, table beets are produced

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Gregory Peck, Megan McGuire, Thomas Boudreau IV and Amanda Stewart

produced from culinary apples. The goal of this project was to assess the impact of three different crop load densities on fruit and cider quality. Materials and Methods Field treatments were conducted in a 14-year-old ‘York Imperial (Ramey)’/‘M.9’ orchard

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Neil S. Mattson, Elizabeth M. Lamb, Brian Eshenaur and John Sanderson

New York State has a diverse and geographically widespread greenhouse industry, which has historically been primarily composed of floriculture crops. The wholesale value of floriculture in NYS was $169 million in 2012, produced in 565 acres of

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Adam D. Karl, Ian A. Merwin, Michael G. Brown, Rebecca A. Hervieux and Justine E. Vanden Heuvel

regions like the Finger Lakes of New York where vineyards are predominantly located on slopes in close proximity to lakes, and pollution from runoff and leaching of nutrients and agrochemicals is of increased concern. Weed control in the under-vine row can

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Richard Marini*

Six-year-old York/M.9 trees were used to evaluate combinations of chemicals for fruit thinning. In one experiment a factorial combination of 2 levels of carbaryl (0 or 600 mg·L-1) and 5 levels of 6-BA (0, 40, 80, 120, and 160 mg·L-1) were sprayed when fruit diam. averaged 10.5 mm. Carbaryl significantly reduced fruit set, number of fruit/tree, yield efficiency, and crop density, and increased fruit weight. The main effect of 6-BA did not significantly influence any response variable. Two variables were significantly influenced by the carbaryl × 6-BA interaction. In the absence of carbaryl, fruit set was reduced and fruit weight was increased by 6-BA at concentrations less than 160 mg·L-1, but the addition of 6-BA to carbaryl was no more effective than carbaryl alone. In a second experiment, a factorial combination of 2 levels of carbaryl (0 vs. 600 mg·L-1), 2 levels of NAA (0 vs. 5 mg·L-1), and 2 levels of ethephon (0 vs. 450 mg·L-1) were sprayed when fruit when fruit diam. averaged 10.5 mm. Carbaryl and NAA reduced fruit set by about 30%, but ethephon overthinned and reduced set by 65%. When the other materials were combined with ethephon, thinning was similar to ethephon alone. The combination of carbaryl and NAA was no more effective than either material alone. The lowest values for yield, yield efficiency, and numbers of fruit per tree were associated with the combination of ethephon plus NAA. Ethephon was the only material that increased fruit weight.

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Terry Bates and Justin Morris

Average production costs for commercial ‘Concord’ vineyards is $1500/acre ( Shaffer and White, 2006 ) and the break-even payment for a western New York ‘Concord’ vineyard yielding 6.0 tons/acre is $250/ton. From 1996 to 2007, the cash market price