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Guangxin Liu, Yue Lan, Haoyang Xin, Fengrong Hu, Zhuhua Wu, Jisen Shi, and Mengli Xi

Lilium rosthornii is a perennial herb native to China. This Lilium species is an attractive ornamental due to its orange or yellowish flower color, extended floral longevity, curved flower shape, and purple spots in the perianth. With all these

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Kathryn Kamo and Bong Hee Han

the transformation of lilies. Agrobacterium -mediated transformation of Lilium longiflorum and Oriental lilies has been demonstrated ( Hoshi et al., 2004 ; Mercuri et al., 2003 ; Ogaki et al., 2008 ). Biolistic-mediated transformation has been

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Guangxin Liu, Xiaoling Zhang, Yue Lan, Haoyang Xin, Fengrong Hu, Zhuhua Wu, Jisen Shi, and Mengli Xi

Lilies ( Lilium sp.) have substantial ornamental, medicinal, and edible value and are the most important cut flowers worldwide ( Long et al., 1999 ). The genus Lilium is native to the Northern Hemisphere, including Asia, Europe, and North America

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Shujun Zhou, Xin Tan, Liqin Fang, Jia Jian, Ping Xu, and Guoliang Yuan

Modern lily cultivars originate from hybridization of Lilium of Liliaceae. The genus contains ≈80 wild species classified into seven sections: Lilium, Martagon, Pseudolirium, Archelirion, Sinomartagon, Leucolirion, and Oxypetala ( De Jong, 1974

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Shujun Zhou, Guixue Zhou, and Kehu Li

Lily is an important ornamental crop worldwide. Modern lily cultivars originated from wild species of the genus Lilium L. of the family Liliaceae ( McRae, 1990 , 1998 ; Van Tuyl et al., 2000 , 2002a , 2002b ). Most of them are classified into

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James Robert Ault and Sandy S. Siqueira

The Michigan lily, Lilium michiganense Farw., is indigenous to North America. Although distributed over a broad geographical area east of the Mississippi River, the species is in decline as a result of habitat destruction, human removal, and

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Nan Tang, Rulong Jia, Jicheng Yin, Yan Wang, and Daocheng Tang

Lilium davidii var. unicolor , a variety of Lilium davidii Elwes, is an important bulbous plant not only for its beautiful flowers, but also for its edible bulbs. It has a long history of being used as a vegetable in China. The bulbs taste

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Gyeong Ran Do, Ju Hee Rhee, Wan Soon Kim, Yun Im Kang, In Myung Choi, Jeom Hwa Han, Hyun Hee Han, Su Hyun Ryu, and Han Chan Lee

The genus Lilium of the family Liliaceae comprises more than 100 species that are divided into seven sections. A great diversity of flower color, shape, fragrance, and other phenotypic and physiological characteristics is found in the wild species

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Nan Tang, Xiuting Ju, Yafan Hu, Rulong Jia, and Daocheng Tang

Lilium davidii var. unicolor is one of the most important bulbous plants because of its showy flowers and edible and medicinal values. This plant is native to China and grown widely around the world. L. davidii var. unicolor is quite suitable

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Enoc Barrera-Aguilar, Luis A. Valdez-Aguilar, Ana M. Castillo-González, Andrew D. Cartmill, Donita L. Cartmill, Edilberto Avitia-García, and Luis Ibarra-Jímenez

optimum concentration ( Marschner, 1995 ) when plants exhibit 90% to 95% of maximum growth or yield ( Ulrich and Hills, 1993 ), whereas the concentration at which growth declines is considered as the critical toxicity level ( Marschner, 1995 ). Lilium