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María del C. Montalvo-Peniche, Lourdes G. Iglesias-Andreu, Javier O. Mijangos-Cortés, Sara L. Nahuat-Dzib, Felipe Barahona-Pérez, Adriana Canto-Flick, and Nancy Santana-Buzzy

Mexico has been recognized as the country with the greatest genetic diversity of peppers that belongs the Capsicum genus. Habanero pepper ( Capsicum chinense Jacquin) has several varieties and shows some of its variability in the fruit color

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Marissa Moses and Pathmanathan Umaharan

amplified by Operon Primer OPRI2 (Operon Technologies, Alameda, CA) in 14 Capsicum chinense accessions (lanes 1–8 from the Upper Amazon, lanes 9–14 from the Lower Amazon region) on a 1.2% agarose gel with 1-kb ladder (far left lane). The arrows represent

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Guadalupe López-Puc, Adriana Canto-Flick, Felipe Barredo-Pool, Patricia Zapata-Castillo, María del C. Montalvo-Peniche, Felipe Barahona-Pérez, Nancy Santana-Buzzy, and Lourdes Iglesias-Andreu

To induce somatic embryogenesis in habanero pepper (Capsicum chinense Jacq.), the cultivar BVll-03, belonging to the red type, was used. Different explants were evaluated, as were different culture media, the composition of which varied in the content of plant growth regulators. Results showed the formation of somatic embryos from cotyledons, zygotic embryos, germinated zygotic embryos, hypocotyls, and cotyledonary leaves. Explants were cultured on Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with 2,4-D (9.05 μm). The somatic embryos always formed directly from the explant, without callus formation, and the greatest efficiency was obtained when segments of hypocotyls were cultured, obtaining 175 ± 20 somatic embryos per explant. Only the somatic embryos obtained on Murashige and Skoog medium containing 2,4-D (9.05 μm) and treated with abscisic acid (ABA) (1.89 μm) before their transfer to the germination media (Murashige and Skoog + 1.1 μm GA3) emitted their radicule and expanded their cotyledonary leaves (60%), whereas the remaining embryos did not achieve germination because of different causes (abnormalities, delayed development). Not only is this protocol of somatic embryogenesis the first to be reported for this species (C. chinense Jacq.), but it is also the most efficient reported so far, within the Capsicum genus.

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Adriana Canto-Flick, Eduardo Balam-Uc, Jericó Jabìn Bello-Bello, Carlos Lecona-Guzmán, Daniela Solís-Marroquín, Susana Avilés-Viñas, Eunice Gómez-Uc, Guadalupe López-Puc, Nancy Santana-Buzzy, and Lourdes Georgina Iglesias-Andreu

, Bosland and Baral (2007) recently reported that “Bhut Jolokia”, a natural interspecific hybrid between Capsicum chinense and Capsicum frutescens , is in fact the world's hottest known chili pepper with a heat level of 879,953 to 1,001,304 SHU. The

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Jericó J. Bello-Bello, Lourdes G. Iglesias-Andreu, Susana A. Avilés-Viñas, Eunice Gómez-Uc, Adriana Canto-Flick, and Nancy Santana-Buzzy

No. 2367-chl-021-080110/c) (orange fruit) of Habanero pepper ( Capsicum chinense Jacq.) were obtained from the Scientific Research Center of Yucatan germplasm bank. Seeds were first submerged in ethanol at 70% (v/v) for 5 min and subsequently in a

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Robert Lawrence Jarret and Terry Berke

. frutescens , C. pubescens , and C. chinense ( Heiser and Pickersgill, 1969 ; Smith and Heiser, 1957 ). Of these, Capsicum chinense , often referred to as habanero, was the last to be recognized as a cultivated taxa in the modern scientific literature

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Justin D. Butcher, Kevin M. Crosby, Kil Sun Yoo, Bhimanagouda S. Patil, A.M.H. Ibrahim, Daniel I. Leskovar, and John L. Jifon

Habanero peppers ( Capsicum chinense ) are a unique group of cultivated plants diversified in various traits of interest. Fruit color depends on maturity, ranging from light to dark green and then in varying shades of red, yellow, orange, or

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Nancy Ruiz-Lau, Fátima Medina-Lara, Yereni Minero-García, Enid Zamudio-Moreno, Adolfo Guzmán-Antonio, Ileana Echevarría-Machado, and Manuel Martínez-Estévez

on capsaicinoid (capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin) production. Materials and Methods Plant materials and growth conditions. Capsicum chinense Jacq. cultivar Naranja seeds obtained from Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Inc. (Oxnard, CA) were germinated in

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Sarah M. Bharath, Christian Cilas, and Pathmanathan Umaharan

Morphological characterisation of a caribbean germplasm collection of Capsicum chinense Jacq. MPhil thesis, The University of the West Indies, Trinidad & Tobago Bosland, P.W. Coon, D. Reeves, G. 2012 ‘Trinidad Moruga Scorpion’ pepper is the world’s hottest

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Jericó J. Bello-Bello, Adriana Canto-Flick, Eduardo Balam-Uc, Eunice Gómez-Uc, Manuel L. Robert, Lourdes G. Iglesias-Andreu, and Nancy Santana-Buzzy

Habanero pepper ( Capsicum chinense ) is an important horticultural crop in the southeast of Mexico. Although other Solanaceae members easily undergo morphogenesis in vitro, the species of the genus Capsicum sp. are highly recalcitrant