intercellular space, and reduce leaf thickness and surface area ( Ojeda-Barrios et al., 2012 ). Hu and Sparks (1991) noted that stomatal conductance ( g S ) and net photosynthesis (P n ) were reduced concomitantly by low Zn levels. Heerema et al. (2017
Carrizo citrange, which could not surpass 73% ( Fig. 1B ). This could be the result of the incomplete reoxidation of Q A, leading to the downregulation of photosynthesis in comparison with the other rootstocks under assay. In conclusion, based on
evaluate the relative vigor, as indicated by net photosynthesis and plant growth, of three taxa that grow wild in relatively small areas in the United States and may merit use in managed landscapes: Calycanthus occidentalis Hook. & Arn. (western
The effect of root applications of abscisic acid (ABA) on photosynthesis and transpiration in geranium (Pelargonium ×hortorum ‘Glacier Crimson’ Syn. Bruni) cuttings was evaluated using an open infrared CO2 gas exchange system. At concentrations above 3.8 μM ABA there was a reduction in relative growth rate (RGR), transpiration, and photosynthesis 2 days following treatment. Three hours following treatment with 76 μM ABA there was a maximum decrease in both photosynthetic and transpiration rates. Plants which were treated with 76 μM ABA for 6 or 9 hr showed an inhibition in photosynthesis and transpiration 4 days followiing treatment; however, after 6 days there was no difference between treated and control plants. The reduction in transpiration and photosynthesis reported in this paper may have practical value in the shipment and storage of geranium cuttings.
Leaf to fruit ratios of 2, 4, 8, and 12 were created on girdled shoots of three cultivars of pecan (Carya illinoensis (Wangenh.) C. Koch). Girdling of fruiting and vegetative shoots reduced net photosynthesis to nearly 30% and 3%, respectively, of the ungirdled “checks.” Differences in photosynthetic rates among the various leaf to nut ratios were not detectable. Two leaves, equivalent to 575 cm2 of leaf area, were sufficient to fill one pecan kernel of ‘Sioux’ or ‘Western’. A ‘Mohawk’ leaf to fruit ratio of 4 produced nuts superior in quality to those supported by two leaves. Girdling tended to increase shoot carbohydrates, and starch accumulation was related to leaf to fruit ratio in ‘Mohawk’.
179 ORAL SESSION (Abstr. 715-722) CROSS-COMMODITY PHOTOSYNTHESIS
The effect of dicofol and dodine on photosynthesis (Pn) of greenhouse-grown apple trees (Malus domestica Barkh.) was determined by infrared CO2 analysis. Multiple sprays of dicofol reduced Pn of apple foliage significantly; the reduction was greater in ‘Golden Delicious’/M#7 than in ‘Delicious’/M#7. The maximum decline occurred after the second spray and subsequent applications did not cause further decrease. Multiple sprays of dodine had no significant influence on Pn.
Cineraria plants (Senecio cruentus DC) were transplanted into medium either with or without a hydrogel (polyethylene oxide). Half the plants in each medium were treated with a film-forming antitranspirant while half were not. Plants then were placed either in a clear glasshouse or a shaded glasshouse (40% shade), and no additional water was applied. Water loss was lowest for plants where both the foliage and medium were treated, whereas control plants (no treatment) lost water most rapidly regardless of light intensity. Plants which received only the hydrogel were similar in water loss to control plants at both light intensities. As water stress developed, net photosynthesis (Pn) decreased, reaching a zero rate at wilting; however, Pn measurements of treated leaves showed few significant differences due to treatment during the water stress period.
temperatures for pepper photosynthesis range from 25 to 35 °C, and temperatures outside this range can limit the yield; for example, C . chinense flower abortion increased 2-fold and fruit set decreased 3-fold when greenhouse temperatures were increased from
The short-term effects of photosynthetic photon flux (PPF), day/night temperatures and CO2 concentration on CO2 exchange were determined for two Phalaenopsis hybrids. At 20 °C, the saturating PPF for photosynthesis was 180 μmol·m-2s-1. At this PPF and ambient CO2 level (380 μL·L-1), a day/night temperature of 20/15 °C resulted in the largest daily CO2 uptake. Higher night temperatures probably increased the respiration rate and lowered daily CO2 uptake in comparison with 20/15 °C. An increase in the CO2 concentration from 380 to 950 μL·L-1 increased daily CO2 uptake by 82%.