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Gordon J. Lightbourn, John R. Stommel, and Robert J. Griesbach

Capsicum annuum (pepper) is cultivated as both an ornamental and a vegetable. Anthocyanin pigmentation in leaves, flowers, and fruit imparts violet to black color and enhances both ornamental and culinary appeal. Anthocyanins are the end

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Byron L. Candole, Patrick J. Conner, and Pingsheng Ji

Bell pepper ( Capsicum annuum ) is one of the economically important crops in the state of Georgia where the total farm-gate value of bell pepper was ≈$100 million in 2007 ( Boatright and McKissick, 2008 ). Phytophthora blight, caused by the

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John R. Stommel, Gordon J. Lightbourn, Brenda S. Winkel, and Robert J. Griesbach

the entire set of anthocyanin biosynthesis genes. The anthocyanin pigment found in Capsicum annuum leaves, flowers, and immature fruit is delphinidin-3-p-coumaroyl-rutinoside-5-glucoside ( Lightbourn et al., 2008 ). Anthocyanin accumulation in C

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Jesús Enrique Retes-Manjarrez, Sergio Hernández-Verdugo, Carlos Alfonso López-Orona, Raymundo Medina-López, José Antonio Garzón-Tiznado, and Jesús Enrique Retes-Cázarez

Mexico is one of the main producers of peppers ( Capsicum annuum L.) worldwide, with around 176,517 ha cultivated in 2016, representing about 65.4% of the total area cultivated for peppers in the Americas ( Food and Agriculture Organization of the

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María Daniela Mares-Quiñones and Juan Ignacio Valiente-Banuet

Piquin pepper plants [ Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum (Dunal) Heiser and Pickergill] are considered one of the predecessors of cultivated peppers ( Eshbaugh, 1975 ; Medina-Martínez et al., 2010 ). As products, piquin peppers are highly

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James C. Fulton and Mark E. Uchanski

Aloni, B. Rylski, L. Zaidman, Z. 1994 The effect on nitrogen fertilization and shading on the incidence of “colour spots” in sweet pepper ( Capsicum annuum ) fruit J. Hort. Sci. 69 767 773 Carroll, E.T. 1979 Capsicum green spotting trial Austral. Veg

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Andrés Mayorga-Gómez, Savithri U. Nambeesan, Timothy Coolong, and Juan Carlos Díaz-Pérez

relation to growth rate and calcium contents in fruits of sweet pepper ( Capsicum annuum L.) J. Expt. Bot. 50 357 363 Marschner, H. 1995 Mineral nutrition of higher plants. 2nd ed. Academic Press, London Marti, H.R. Mills, H.A. 1991 Calcium uptake and

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Laura Rodriguez-Uribe, Luz Hernandez, James P. Kilcrease, Stephanie Walker, and Mary A. O’Connell

Chile ( Capsicum annuum L.) is the iconic crop plant of New Mexico and part of the human diet in the Americas for ≈9000 years ( Bosland, 1996 ). Native Americans and the Spanish cultivated this crop. Specific selections of the plant were adopted

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John R. Stommel

) and kiwi ( Actinidia deliciosa ) ( Hayata and Niimi, 1995 ). Similar to Arabidopsis thaliana and tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum ), auxin is the major inducer of fruit set in pepper ( Capsicum annuum ) and acts in part by inducing gibberellin

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Mary Ann D. Maquilan, Dominick C. Padilla, Donald W. Dickson, and Bala Rathinasabapathi

( Civerolo et al., 1993 ). Resistance of peppers ( Capsicum annuum ) to M. incognita was demonstrated to be conditioned by a single dominant gene, designated as the N gene, through resistance testing of selected progenies of M. incognita- resistant