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hazelnut industry is threatened by the disease eastern filbert blight (EFB) caused by the pyrenomycete Anisogramma anomala (Peck) E. Müller. The fungus, an obligate biotroph with a 2-year life cycle ( Pinkerton et al., 1995 ), causes severe stem cankers

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Anisogramma anomala (Peck) E. Müller is the incitant of the disease eastern filbert blight (EFB), which causes severe cankering, branch dieback, and the death of most European hazelnuts, Corylus avellana L. It is an obligate biotrophic

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1010 10.2144/96206st01 Cai, G. Leadbetter, C.W. Muehlbauer, M.F. Molnar, T.J. Hillman, B.I. 2013 Genome-wide microsatellite identification in the fungus Anisogramma anomala using Illumina sequencing and genome assembly PLoS One 8 11 e82408 doi: 10

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threatened by eastern filbert blight (EFB) incited by the pyrenomycete Anisogramma anomala (Peck) E. Müller. The fungus is endemic on the American hazelnut ( C . americana Mill.) in eastern North America. On susceptible European cultivars, it causes

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). European hazelnut production has been attempted in the eastern United States since colonial times. However, the relatively cold climate—and more significantly, an endemic disease called EFB caused by Anisogramma anomala —made these attempts futile

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Eastern filbert blight (EFB), incited by the fungus Anisogramma anomala (Peck) E. Müller, is an endemic disease of the wild American hazelnut, Corylus americana Marsh. The fungus is found associated with C. americana throughout its native

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Eastern filbert blight, caused by the ascomycete fungus Anisogramma anomala , is an endemic disease of the wild American hazelnut, Corylus americana . This pathogen is associated with C. americana throughout its native range, which spans much of

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world’s hazelnuts. One of the threats to Oregon’s hazelnut industry is the fungal disease EFB caused by the pyrenomycete Anisogramma anomala (Peck) E. Müller. The fungus is an obligate biotroph with a 2-year life cycle ( Pinkerton et al., 1995 ) that

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-ranked United States represents 3.4% of the world's hazelnuts ( Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2009 ). One threat to Oregon's hazelnut industry is the fungal disease EFB caused by the pyrenomycete Anisogramma anomala . The fungus is an

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made since colonial times to produce hazelnuts in the eastern United States with little recorded success. It was eventually understood that the fungal disease eastern filbert blight (EFB), caused by Anisogramma anomala , an obligate biotrophic

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