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Yi Zhang and Imed Dami

that plays an important role in plant cold acclimation by facilitating plant acquire freezing tolerance. At a genomic level, it has been found that three unique C-repeat/DRE Binding Factor genes were upregulated by low-temperature treatment or exogenous

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Wei Hao, Rajeev Arora, Anand K. Yadav, and Nirmal Joshee

biochemical adjustment that protect them from injury when environmental stresses abruptly occur. Cold acclimation (CA) is a phenomenon that occurs when the freezing tolerance of plants increases after exposure to low, nonfreezing temperatures ( Thomashow, 1999

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Hrvoje Rukavina, Harrison G. Hughes, and Yaling Qian

freezing tolerance still exists in most grasses and can be effectively used in breeding ( Larsen, 1994 ). A previous freezing study with six saltgrass clones ( Shahha et al., 2003a ) indicated variation in freezing tolerance and suggested that freezing

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Qi Zhang, Jack Fry, Channa Rajashekar, Dale Bremer, and Milton Engelke

been the predominant commercial cultivar used in the transition zone since its release in 1952 because of its relatively fine leaf texture compared with common Z. japonica , and its excellent freezing tolerance ( Grau, 1952 ; Grau and Radko, 1951

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Mahmoud Panjtandoust and David J. Wolyn

In temperate climates, asparagus phenology includes the induction of fern senescence and crown dormancy in the fall, quiescence in the winter, and regrowth in the spring. For optimal survival, plants must acquire adequate freezing tolerance, which

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Tatsiana Espevig, Chenping Xu, Trygve S. Aamlid, Michelle DaCosta, and Bingru Huang

has been demonstrated that acquisition of freezing tolerance is a major component of winterhardiness of perennial grasses ( Hulke et al., 2008 ; Humphreys and Eagles, 1988 ; Xiong and Fei, 2006 ). Freezing tolerance is dependent on a period of

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Jaejoon Kim and David J. Wolyn

°C, respectively, are common for extended periods, freezing tolerance is essential for survival, and growers require cultivars adapted to the region for optimum productivity. Consequently, winterhardiness is an important objective in an asparagus

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Majken Pagter, Karen K. Petersen, Fulai Liu, and Christian R. Jensen

coolest month ranges between 0 and 4 °C, absolute minimum temperatures may be lower than −25 °C. Strategies allowing plants to tolerate subzero temperatures are mainly of two types: freezing avoidance and freezing tolerance. Tissues displaying freezing

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Xunzhong Zhang, Kehua Wang, and Erik H. Ervin

; Perras and Sarhan, 1989 ; Zhang et al., 2006 ; Zhang and Ervin, 2008 ). Abscisic acid (ABA) plays an important role in low temperature response and is correlated with enhanced freezing tolerance in some plant species ( Lee and Chen, 1993 ). It has

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Li-Juan Zhang, Tian-Xiu Zhong, Li-Xin Xu, Lie-bao Han, and Xunzhong Zhang

deficit irrigation or mild drought stress before and during cold acclimation impacts on defensive metabolism and freezing tolerance of creeping bentgrass. Creeping bentgrass undergoes cold acclimation, which is induced by a combination of reduced