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Abstract

‘Española Improved’ chile pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) has been released for early production in areas characterized by a short growing season (155 days), relatively cool nights, and mild day temperatures. ‘Española Improved’ is highly adaptable to northerncentral New Mexico. It is suggested for home and commercial production of pungent green and red chile for short growing season areas of New Mexico.

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L.) and chile ( Capsicum annuum L.). Univ. of Ariz., Tucson, PhD Diss. 1–173 Stolk, J.H. Maaswinkel, R.H.M. 1977 Cultivars of autumn red pepper (in Dutch) Groenten en Fruit 32 39 1943 Uffelen, L.G. 1973 Spotting (pitting), a quality problem in

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HISTORY The cultivated strawberry ( Fragaria × ananassa Duch. ex Rozier) originated from an accidental cross of the white-fruited Chilean strawberry [ F. chiloensis (L.) Mill. subsp. chiloensis f. chiloensis ] and the meadow strawberry ( F

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Abstract

The major diseases responsible for the decline of profitable pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) production in Texas and other areas throughout the United States and the world have been the potato Y-type viruses (1). ‘TAM Mild Chile-2’ (TMC-2) is the first mildly pungent long green/red chile with multiple virus resistance (MVR) to tobacco etch virus (TEV), potato virus Y (PVY), pepper mottle virus (PeMV), and tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) developed by the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station (TAES). It is recommended as a multi-purpose chile for fresh market, for processing in the green stage, or dehydration into red chile powder. The fruit exhibit a very low pungency and a high concentration of extractable red color.

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Chile peppers ( Capsicum sp.) are a widely cultivated crop that is a staple in the diet of many cultures worldwide and is used as a vegetable, spice, ornamental, and medicinal plant ( Bosland and Votava, 2012 ). There are five domesticated species

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National Geographic Society and National Science Foundation for support of field studies. Chilean field collaborators are acknowledged and include M. Finger, J. Guerra, B. Palma, C. Trujillo, S. Teillier, and M. Villarroel. M. Nakazawa and J. Wen are

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users has become intense. Use of alternative water sources such as municipal reclaimed water and other poor-quality, non-potable saline waters for irrigating agricultural crops such as chile peppers may be inevitable in the water scarce southwestern

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Phytophthora blight, caused by Phytophthora capsici , constitutes a limiting factor to profitable production of many crops worldwide ( Erwin and Ribeiro, 1996 ), including chile pepper ( Sanogo, 2003 , 2004 ; Sanogo and Carpenter, 2006

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1 Associate Professor. 2 Research Assistant. We wish to acknowledge the New Mexico Chile Commission for its support of this project. A contribution of the New Mexico Agricultural Experiment Station, New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces. The

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Mexico Chile Commission, the New Mexico Chile Task Force, and the New Mexico State University Agricultural Experiment Station for their support of this work.

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