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The cucurbit crops ( Cucurbitaceae ) that are grown most commonly in the United States are cucumber, melon, and watermelon. In 2005, U.S. production was 570,720 tons of processing cucumbers, 10,232 thousand cwt of fresh-market cucumbers, 22

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Agriculture, 2021 ). Unfortunately, cucurbit production is threatened by pests and plant pathogens in the southeastern United States, such as whiteflies and their transmitted viruses. Particularly, it is estimated that whiteflies and whitefly

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Cucurbits (Cucurbitaceae), including cucumber ( Cucumis sativus L.), pumpkin ( Cucurbita pepo var. pepo L., Cucurbita maxima L., others), and squash ( Cucurbita pepo subsp. pepo L.), are economically important vegetable crops in the mid

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unfold to limit regrowth ( Hassell et al., 2008 ; Lee and Oda, 2003 ). Rootstock cotyledons provide energy to maintain the plant and heal the graft. Cucurbit seedlings are dependent upon seed reserves only during preemergent growth ( Bisognin et al

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and control of sex expression in melon and cucumber, two other important cucurbits, has been studied in great detail. Briefly, in both melon and cucumber, sex determination is largely controlled by two genes; the A ( andromonoecious ) and G

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consumer demand for high-quality produce ( Rouphael et al., 2010 ). In addition to TSS and flesh firmness, the most commonly evaluated fruit quality attributes for cucurbits, investigations of fruit quality of grafted plants have been expanded to fruit

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Aztec and Mayan diets. It remains the basis of Mexican cuisine to this day. Fig. 2. Peruvian ceramic of peanut. Source: Leonard (1973 ). Cucurbits The New World cucurbits, Cucurbita moschata , C. pepo , C. maxima (squashes and pumpkins), and

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(which we have designated RKVL) have proved to be vigorous rootstocks, producing significantly higher watermelon yield than the commercially available cucurbit rootstocks in fields infested with RKNs ( Thies et al., 2010 ). F 1 hybrid rootstocks have

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agent of cucurbit bacterial wilt ( Brust 1997 ; Fleischer et al. 1999 ; Hoffmann et al. 2000 ). Squash bug causes feeding damage on muskmelon and vectors the bacterium Serratia marcescens , the causal agent of cucurbit yellow vine disease ( Bruton et

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72 ORAL SESSION 21 (Abstr. 147-153) Vegetable (Cucurbit): Breeding and Genetics

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