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genus Ocimum comprises more than 30 species, and is divided into basil types, which include sweet ( Ocimum basilicum ), lemon ( Ocimum citriodorum ), dwarf bush ( Ocimum minimum ), purple ( O. basilicum var. purpurescens ), and thai ( O. basilicum

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environmental factors on holy basil is lacking, but there have been many environmental studies on culinary basil ( Ocimum basilicum ). Eugenol content in culinary basil has been reported to increase under conditions of water stress, higher temperatures, and

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.g., lettuce, Lactuca sativa L.) that prefer cooler temperatures, basil ( Ocimum basilicum L.) is commonly found in tropical and subtropical regions, preferring high light and an optimal air temperature ≈26 °C ( Currey, 2020 ; Raimondi et al., 2006

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compounds, similar results have been reported for other phenolics under red light. Guo et al. (2007) showed that flavonoid biosynthesis in Saussurea medusa callus cultures was inhibited by red light irradiation. Similarly, leaves of Ocimum basilicum

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concentration) have been published in Ocimum basilicum plants inoculated with Rhizophagus irregularis ( Lee and Scagel, 2009 ). The mechanisms by which AMF alter the production of secondary metabolites in E. prostrata are still not clarified. Sand and peat

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. Mesoam. 27 1 115 130 Chang, X. Alderson, P.G. Wright, C.J. 2008 Solar irradiance level alters the growth of basil ( Ocimum basilicum L.) and its content of volatile oils Environ. Expt. Bot. 63 216 223 Díaz-Pérez, J.C. 2013 Bell pepper ( Capsicum annuum

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Sweet basil ( Ocimum basilicum ) is grown throughout the world as an economically significant culinary herb in fields and greenhouses ( Biris et al., 2004 ; Keinath, 1994 ; Reis et al., 2008 ; Vieira and Simon, 2000 ). Unfortunately, two diseases

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basil ( Ocimum basilicum L.) ( Mansour et al., 1986 ; Morales et al., 1993 ; Narusuye, 2005 ). This compound occurs in two different structurally active isomer forms chemically known as enantiomers that are chiral molecules having the same molecular

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( Ocimum basilicum L.) essential oil Braz. J. Pharm. 16 24 30 Galeotti, N. Di Cesare Mannelli, L. Mazzanti, G. Bartolini, A. Ghelardini, C. 2002 Menthol: A natural analgesic compound Neurosci. Lett. 322 145 148 Gasic, O. Mimica-Dukic, N. Adamovic, D. 1992

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, especially in sandy-textured soils where intensive vegetable production often occurs ( Fleming et al., 2013 ; Gai et al., 2016 ; Stenberg et al., 1999 ; Zotarelli et al., 2009 ). Sweet basil ( Ocimum basilicum L.) is a member of the mint family and an

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