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S. Alan Walters and Elizabeth A. Wahle

pungency of horseradish roots is caused by isothiocyanate compounds released from the glucosinolates sinigrin and 2-phenylethylglucosinolate by the naturally occurring enzyme myrosinase found in the plant ( Simon et al., 1984 ). Li and Kushad (2004) found

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Levi Fredrikson, Patricia A. Skinkis and Ed Peachey

.R. Juroszek, P. Mortensen, D.A. 2000 A comparison of visual and photographic estimates of weed biomass and weed control Weed Technol. 14 586 590 Petersen, J. Belz, R. Walker, F. Hurle, K. 2001 Weed suppression by release of isothiocyanates from turnip

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P. Gordon Braun, Keith D. Fuller, Kenneth McRae and Sherry A.E. Fillmore

,2 dichloropropane, and methyl isothiocyanate were shown effective in managing this disease ( Covey et al., 1979 ; Ross et al., 1983 ). A few micro-organisms and a nematode have been repeatedly identified as probable causal agents: Cylindrocarpon spp., Pythium

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D. Grant McCarty II, Sarah E. Eichler Inwood, Bonnie H. Ownley, Carl E. Sams, Annette L. Wszelaki and David M. Butler

decomposition of the organic amendment. The ASD mustard/arugula (with or without molasses) and biofumigant control treatments could also have influenced disease severity based on the biofumigant potential (i.e., isothiocyanates produced from the degradation of

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T. Casey Barickman, Dean A. Kopsell and Carl E. Sams

. Rubery, P.H. 1980 A study of abscisic acid uptake by apical and proximal root segments of Phaseolus coccineus L Planta 150 312 320 Barickman, T.C. Kopsell, D.A. Sams, C.E. 2013 Selenium influences glucosinolate and isothiocyanates and increases sulfur

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Timothy Coolong

.C Woodrow, J.E. Seiber, J.N. Lenoir, J.S. Krieger, R.I. 2008 Determination of methyl isothiocyanate in air downwind of fields treated with metam-sodium by subsurface drip irrigation J. Agr. Food Chem. 56 7373 7378 Zotarelli, L. Dukes, M.D. Scholbert, J

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Sanele Fana Kubheka, Samson Zeray Tesfay, Asanda Mditshwa and Lembe Samukelo Magwaza

). Various studies have demonstrated the potential of moringa leaves as a functional additive for food products and food application ( Adetunji et al., 2012 ). Moringa leaves are rich in phenolic acids, flavonoids, glucosinolates, and isothiocyanates. Hot

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Jose Linares, Johannes Scholberg, Kenneth Boote, Carlene A. Chase, James J. Ferguson and Robert McSorley

Morra, M.J. Kirkegaard, J.A. 2002 Isothiocyanate release from soil-incorporated brassica tissues Soil Biol. Biochem. 34 1683 1690 Muir, J. 2002 Hand-plucked forage yield and quality and seed production

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Yan Li, Hongyan Qi, Yazhong Jin, Xiaobin Tian, Linlin Sui and Yan Qiu

) and Tian et al. (2012) . Peel and flesh tissues (3 g each) were ground in liquid nitrogen using a baked mortar and pestle. The ground powder was transferred to 50-mL polypropylene tubes with 15 mL of guanidine isothiocyanate extraction buffer that had

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Jinyu Wang, Bo Yuan, Yi Xu and Bingru Huang

Physiol. 136 4159 4168 Khan, J.K. Kuo, Y-H. Kebede, N. Lambein, F. 1994 Determination of non-protein amino acids and toxins in Lathyrus by high-performance liquid chromatography with precolumn phenyl isothiocyanate derivatization J. Chromatography 687