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Ching-Hsueh Wang, Der-Ming Yeh and Chian-Shinn Sheu

thermostability (CMT), measured as electrolyte leakage from leaf discs over a range of temperatures, is a sensitive and rapid method to evaluate heat tolerance in plants ( Sullivan, 1972 ; Wu and Wallner, 1983 ). Several studies have shown the effectiveness of

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James W. Cross, Stacy A. Bonos, Bingru Huang and William A. Meyer

root electrolyte leakage were also significantly less for ‘Jaguar 3’ ( Wang et al., 2009 ). Understanding what environmental factors are contributing to the overall decline exhibited by cool-season turfgrasses during summer months would be valuable for

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Zhen Shu, Yimin Shi, Hongmei Qian, Yiwei Tao and Dongqin Tang

electrolytic leakage. The MDA content was determined by the thiobarbituric acid method ( Li, 2000 ). One half gram of fresh tepal tissues was ground in 5 mL trichloroacetic acid (5%). After centrifuging at 3000 rpm for 10 min, the supernatant was kept at 4 °C

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Wenjie Ma, Wen Liang and Bing Zhao

soaking in water for 4 h at 25 °C. Electrolyte leakage assay and measurement of malondialdehyde (MDA) and hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ). Samples of fresh leaves (0.1 g) from the different treatments were cleaned in double-distilled water, transferred to 25

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Zipeng Tian, Bingru Huang and Faith C. Belanger

increase in EL, up to about 80% by 28 d of stress in all three plant types. After 7 d of recovery from the stress, EL was reduced from its peak, but was still at about 65%. Fig. 6. Electrolyte leakage of endophyte-free strong creeping red fescue (E-), Rose

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Jibiao Fan, Jing Ren, Weixi Zhu, Erick Amombo, Jinmin Fu and Liang Chen

temperature damaged cell membrane systems and lipid peroxidation by decreasing the fluidity of cell membranes of most plants ( Levitt, 1980 ). Malondialdehyde (MDA) and electrolyte leakage (EL) served as indicators of lipid peroxidation. Södergren (2000

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Tingting Sun, Tingting Pei, Zhijun Zhang, Mingjun Li, Linlin Huang, Cuiying Li, Xueyan Shi, Minghui Zhan, Xiaoyu Cao, Fengwang Ma and Changhai Liu

root tips and forks and the average diameters for roots were determined in different size categories. Assays of electrolyte leakage, hydrogen peroxide, and malondialdehyde content. Electrolyte leakage (EL) in the leaves was measured according to the

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Na Zhang, Lu Han, Lixin Xu and Xunzhong Zhang

sensitivities responded to ETH treatment differently ( Iqbal et al., 2012 ). Fig. 1. Effect of ethephon (ETH) seed treatment on relative water content and electrolyte leakage of kentucky bluegrass cultivars Midnight and Nuglade under well-watered and

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Shanshan Sun, Mengying An, Liebao Han and Shuxia Yin

relative water content ( A ) and electrolyte leakage ( B ) of perennial ryegrass under salt stress. Different letters indicate significant difference between treatments ( P ≤ 0.05) according to the least significant difference test. Values are the mean of

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Konstantinos G. Batziakas, Shehbaz Singh, Kanwal Ayub, Qing Kang, Jeffrey K. Brecht, Cary L. Rivard and Eleni D. Pliakoni

life was evaluated by measuring overall quality, water loss, leaf surface color, leaf tenderness, electrolyte leakage, chlorophyll fluorescence, and chlorophyll content. Overall quality. Spinach overall quality was measured similar to Medina et al