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Lie-Bao Han, Gui-Long Song and Xunzhong Zhang

crushing and tearing the leaves, stems, and crowns of the turfgrass plant ( Carrow and Petrovic, 1992 ; Shearman and Beard, 1975a , b ; Trenholm et al., 2000 ). It has been reported that warm-season turfgrass species have more tolerance to wear than cool-season

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Meghyn Meeks, Ambika Chandra and Ben G. Wherley

) turfgrass species generally have lower light compensation points than warm-season (C 4 ) turfgrass species. Greater photochemical efficiency at low light intensities contributes to the generally superior shade adaptability of C 3 grasses ( Kephart and

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Desalegn D. Serba, Osman Gulsen, Bekele G. Abeyo, Keenan L. Amundsen, Donald J. Lee, P. Stephen Baenziger, Tiffany M. Heng-Moss, Kent M. Eskridge and Robert C. Shearman

green color retention in the fall, which is an important characteristic for warm-season turfgrass. Table 1. Analysis of variance of buffalograss half-sib populations and their parents for turfgrass lateral spread, genetic color, spring density, and

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Brian M. Schwartz, Wayne W. Hanna, Lisa L. Baxter, Paul L. Raymer, F. Clint Waltz, Alec R. Kowalewski, Ambika Chandra, A. Dennis Genovesi, Benjamin G. Wherley, Grady L. Miller, Susana R. Milla-Lewis, William C. Reynolds, Yanqi Wu, Dennis L. Martin, Justin Q. Moss, Michael P. Kenna, J. Bryan Unruh, Kevin E. Kenworthy, Jing Zhang and Patricio R. Munoz

There are ≈20 million hectares of turfgrass managed in the United States, constituting the $40 billion turfgrass industry ( National Turfgrass Federation, 2017 ). In most tropical and warm, temperate regions, bermudagrass ( Cynodon spp.) is the

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Kenton W. Peterson, Jack D. Fry and Dale J. Bremer

tillering ( Ervin et al., 2002 ; Okeyo et al., 2011a ; Qian et al., 1998 ). As a result, turfgrass grown under shade often declines in quality. Zoysiagrass is a sod-forming warm-season perennial turfgrass indigenous to the Pacific Rim ( Anderson, 2000

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Brian Schwartz, Jing Zhang, Jonathon Fox and Jason Peake

mowing height on DLI requirements for warm-season turfgrass. ASA, CSSA, SSSA Annu. Mtg., Long Beach, CA (abstr.) Hanna, W.W. Braman, S.K. Schwartz, B.M. 2010 ‘ST-5’, a shade-tolerant turf bermudagrass HortScience 45 132 134 King, R.W. Blundell, C. Evans

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Jinghua Fan, George Hochmuth, Jason Kruse and Jerry Sartain

applications. McGraw Hill, New York, NY Bowman, D.C. Cherney, C.T. Rufty, T.W. Jr 2002 Fate and transport of nitrogen applied to six warm-season turfgrasses Crop Sci. 42 833 841 Carrow, R.N. 2012 Turfgrass nutrition and irrigation water quality Commun. Soil Sci

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Matteo Serena, Bernd Leinauer, Rossana Sallenave, Marco Schiavon and Bernd Maier

Jan. 2012. < http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/coop/Publications/coophandbook2.pdf > Peacock, C.H. Dudeck, A.E. 1989 Influence of salinity on warm season turfgrass germination. The 6 th Int. Turf. Research Conf. Tokyo. p. 229–231 Qian, Y.L. Suplick, M

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Matteo Serena, Bernd Leinauer, Rossana Sallenave, Marco Schiavon and Bernd Maier

Barker, 1980 ), resulting in increased germination and/or establishment of turf. Since its introduction in 2006, the corn starch coating by the name of ZEBA ® has been promoted for use on warm- and cool-season turfgrass seeds ( Ardens, 2007 ) for its

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Subhrajit K. Saha, Laurie E. Trenholm and J. Bryan Unruh

St. Augustinegrass is a widely used warm-season turfgrass for home lawns throughout the south. St. Augustinegrass prefers moderate cultural practices ( Cisar et al., 1992 ) with a fertility requirement of 10 to 30 g·m −2 ·yr −1 N ( Trenholm et al