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W.L. Chen and D.M. Yeh

Scientia Hort. 89 227 236 Ramirez, M.L. Chulze, S.N. Magan, N. 2004 Impact of osmotic and matric water stress on germination, growth, mycelial water potentials and endogenous accumulation of sugars and sugar

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Chandrasekar S. Kousik, Jennifer L. Ikerd, Mihir K. Mandal, Scott Adkins, Craig G. Webster and William W. Turechek

sparse mycelial growth on leaves or cotyledons with very few to no visible conidia (1% to 3%), 2 = 4% to 6% of leaf area covered with PM and sparse development of conidia, 3 = 7% to 12%, 4 = 13% to 25%, 5 = 26% to 50%, 6 = 51% to 75%, 7 = 76% to 87% leaf

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Chen Chen, Meng-Ke Zhang, Kang-Di Hu, Ke-Ke Sun, Yan-Hong Li, Lan-Ying Hu, Xiao-Yan Chen, Ying Yang, Feng Yang, Jun Tang, He-Ping Liu and Hua Zhang

difference in the mycelial growth found between the wild type and Δ sodC on PDA-Uri solid medium. Colony diameter in the wild type and the Δ sodC also show that there is no difference in growth ( Fig. 2B ). Figure 2C shows that Δ sodC mutant grew

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Lantian Du, Baojian Huang, Nanshan Du, Shirong Guo, Sheng Shu and Jin Sun

The continuous cropping of monoculture in a field can cause deteriorations in growth and yield, leading to a decline in crop yield and quality. This condition is also known as soil sickness, and can occur in normal cultivation and management

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Igenicious N. Hlerema, Bahlebi K. Eiasu and Susan H. Koch

production due to the adverse effects on food quality (safety and marketability) and crop growth due to phytotoxicity ( Ma et al., 1994 ). At the end of the cropping cycles, pineapple crop residue is abundant in the production region. In the past, this crop

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Kalpana Sharma, Erica Goss and Ariena H.C. van Bruggen

acidified (pH 4.5) PDA (Difco Laboratories, Detroit, MI) that were incubated at 23 °C in the dark. Fungal observations were made on 7-d-old cultures grown on acidified PDA plates. Mycelial growth, acervuli, and spores were inspected with a compound

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Sarah J. Pethybridge, Niloofar Vaghefi and Julie R. Kikkert

applied the day after planting (DAP). The entire trial area also received supplementary nitrogen (22% as urea, 50 lb/acre) in a side-dressed application 28 DAP. Irrigation was applied using overhead sprinklers as required for optimal plant growth. In

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Diego Cunha Zied, Marli Teixeira Almeida Minhoni, J. Emilio Pardo-González and Arturo Pardo-Giménez

use of these materials, they should be treated to limit their possible negative impact on mycelial growth and yield, which can be accomplished either by heat treatments or chemical treatments. Among the thermal treatments, the use of steam and forced

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Michelle A. Grabowski and Dean K. Malvick

previously were placed individually on 1/2 x PDA five days before the experiment and incubated at 22 °C to promote mycelial growth. Inoculation of foliage. The experiment was a completely random design with two factors, isolate and plant entry, replicated

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Soumaila Sanogo, Osama I. El-Sebai and Robert Sanderson

-flooding conditions on severity of Verticillium wilt, plant growth, and spectral reflectance-based physiological indices of chile pepper. Materials and Methods Inoculum preparation and plant production. An isolate of V. dahliae , recovered from a field