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Guangyao Wang, Mathieu Ngouajio and Darryl D. Warncke

; Haramoto and Gallandt, 2004 ). Brassica cover crops are also known to produce glucosinolates, which upon hydrolysis release biocidal compounds, including isothiocyanates, with activity on phytophagous insects, nematodes, and fungi ( Brown and Morra, 1996

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Raymond Kruse and Ajay Nair

examined the effect of oilseed radish ( Raphanus sativus var. oleifera ), oriental mustard ( Brassica juncea ), and yellow mustard ( Sinapis alba ) cover crops, which are known to produce isothiocyanates that act as biofumigants. Additionally, the study

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Rachel E. Rudolph, Thomas W. Walters, Lisa W. DeVetter and Inga A. Zasada

), chloropicrin, or methyl isothiocyanates (e.g., metam sodium) ( Walters et al., 2017 ). Depending on the grower’s needs, soil fumigation can occur in the late summer/early fall or spring before planting. The efficacy of this application depends on land

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T. Casey Barickman, Thomas E. Horgan, Jennifer R. Wheeler and Carl E. Sams

. Agr. Res. 76 709 719 Barickman, T.C. Kopsell, D.A. Sams, C.E. 2013 Selenium influences glucosinolate and isothiocyanates and increases sulfur uptake in Arabidopsis thaliana and rapid-cycling Brassica oleracea J. Agr. Food Chem. 61 202 209 Barickman

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Dean A. Kopsell, Carl E. Sams and Robert C. Morrow

, glucosinolates are enzymatically decomposed by the enzyme myrosinase and produce mixtures of volatile and nonvolatile compounds including isothiocyanates, thiocyanates, and nitriles possessing anticarcinogenic properties ( Fahey et al., 1997 ; Heaney and Fenwick

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Yu-Chu Chang, Chou-Tou Shii and Mei-Chu Chung

isothiocyanate-conjugated avidin as the green signal (Vector Laboratories, Burlingame, CA), whereas that of the digoxigenated probe was detected using rhodamine-conjugated antidigoxigenin antibodies as the red signal (Roche Diagnostics). Chromosomes were

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Kang Mo Ku and John A. Juvik

herbivory on flavonoids in broccoli ( Brassica oleracea var. italica Plenck) J. Appl. Bot. & Food Quality. 84 178 182 Kim, H.J. Chen, F. Wang, X. Choi, J.H. 2006a Effect of methyl jasmonate on phenolics, isothiocyanate, and metabolic enzymes in radish

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Muqiu Zhao, Huaibao Zhao, Qianjin Du and Yunfeng Shi

and MAW, are potential alternatives for improving N efficiency in agriculture production. Among the inhibitory compounds proposed, phenols, alkaloids, isothiocyanates, and terpenoids have received some attention, especially the phenolic derivatives

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Jianjun Chen, Lijia Li and Ying Wang

Kit (Roche, Basel, Switzerland) following the manufacturer’s instructions. FISH was conducted according to Jiang et al. (1995) . Digoxigenin-labeled probes were detected with sheep anti-digoxigenin (Roche) and amplified with fluorescein isothiocyanate

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Jonas Christensen, Uffe Bjerre Lauridsen, Christian Andreasen and Henrik Lütken

the glucosinolates are released and hydrolyzed by myrosinases to isothiocyanates. This group of chemicals is associated with cancer-preventive activity and gives Brassicaceae species the characteristic mustard-like flavor ( Falk et al., 2007 ; Lee et