to pythium root rot, these results emphasize the need for integrated pest management strategies that combine cultural practices, host resistance, and fungicides to maximize disease control. Units Literature cited Bates, G.D. Rothrock, C.S. Rupe, J
-knot nematodes in the Solanaceae and Cucurbitaceae. Interest in vegetable grafting has recently grown in the United States as an alternative to soil fumigants and as an integrated pest management practice in various crop production systems ( Kubota et al., 2008
) in integrated pest management (IPM) programs because of their short-term residual toxicity ( Gill and Raupp, 1989 ; Miller, 1989 ; Miller and Davidson, 2005 ; Raupp et al., 2001 ; Sadof and Sclar, 2000 ). Horticultural oil blocks the spiracles
, specifically alternatives to insecticides, because organic produce is often sold for higher prices. In addition, organic agriculture principles favor an integrated pest management approach, including cultural, biological, and physical controls in addition to
so on), sources of irrigation water and application methods, adoption of integrated pest management practices, and the prevalence of native plants in nursery product portfolios. These practices were of particular interest given the recent emphasis on
In commercial fruit farms and ornamental tree nurseries, producers generally use integrated pest management tactics, including pesticide treatments, to control a variety of insect and plant disease pests ( Beckerman, 2018 ; Braman et al., 2015
The terms “Integrated Pest Management” or “IPM” were considered buzz words or catch phrases in the 1960s, ideas for possible consideration during much of the 1970s, and are now considered of prime importance during the 1980s.
This research was funded in part by a grant from the New York State Integrated Pest Management Program.
), Sigastus , Scirothrips , green vegetable bug ( Nezara viridula ), Vitellus , Leptocoris ] (R. Huwer et al., personal communication). Although strategies have been developed to manage individual pests, a new fully integrated pest management program to
., 2001 ). To date, minimal information has been published regarding effects of mowing height on crabgrass cover in warm-season turfgrass species such as common bermudagrass ( Cynodon dactylon L.) ( Callahan, 1978 ; Hoyle et al., 2014 ). Integrated pest