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Jing Ma, Zheng Li, Bin Wang, Shunzhao Sui and Mingyang Li

period, when fragrance emerges. Stage 4 is the bloom period, when flowers fully open with strong fragrance. Stage 5 is the early-wither period, when petals begin withering. Stage 6 is the later-wither period ( Wu et al., 1995 ). For gene expression

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Valtcho D. Zheljazkov, Santosh Shiwakoti, Tess Astatkie, Ivan Salamon, Daniela Grul'ová, Silvia Mudrencekova and Vicki Schlegel

of seed. Since the most important cumin oil fractions responsible for distinct fragrance can be collected early and the latter fractions collected have the greatest antioxidant activity, our findings could be exploited to produce a diversity of

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John C. Beaulieu, Maureen A. Tully, Rebecca E. Stein-Chisholm and Javier M. Obando-Ulloa

.S. 2004 Volatile constituents of satsuma mandarins growing in Korea Flavour Fragrance J. 19 406 412 Coleman, R.L. Shaw, P.E. 1971 Analysis of valencia orange essence and aroma oils J. Agr. Food Chem. 19 520 523 de Araujo, E.F. de Queiroz, L.P. Machado, M

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Barbara M. Schmidt

products,” and “personal care products” are often used interchangeably despite their subtle differences. The Women’s Wear Daily Beauty Inc. Top 100 ranks the world’s largest beauty manufacturers. For their purposes, beauty products include fragrance, makeup

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Jinhe Bai, Elizabeth Baldwin, Jack Hearn, Randy Driggers and Ed Stover

thresholds for key aroma components in an orange juice matrix: Esters and miscellaneous compounds Flavour Fragrance J. 23 398 406 Plotto, A. Margaría, C.A. Goodner, K.L. Goodrich, R. Baldwin, E.A. 2004 Odour and flavour thresholds for key aroma components in

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Mohsen Hatami, Siamak Kalantari, Forouzandeh Soltani and John C. Beaulieu

uniquely fragrant and musky aroma ( Aubert and Pitrat, 2006 ; Shu et al., 1995 ), and a whitish and insipid pulp that is barely edible ( Raghami et al., 2013 ). The fragrance of the melon has been generally described as a mix of cantaloupe, pineapple, and

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Georgia Vlachou, Maria Papafotiou and Konstantinos F. Bertsouklis

used in traditional medicine ( Bandini and Pacchiani, 1981 ; Montesano et al., 2012 ), in Italy and Portugal it is used for food seasoning ( Pardo-de-Santayana et al., 2007 ), and essential oil from leaves could be used as fragrance for insect

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Neil O. Anderson, Esther Gesick, Vincent Fritz, Charlie Rohwer, Shengrui Yao, Patricia Johnson, Steven Poppe, Barbara E. Liedl, Lee Klossner, Neal Eash and Judith Reith-Rozelle

(abaxial); mature foliage; the upper surface has a corresponding coloration of RHS 137B and RHS 146B, respectively. Average leaf sizes (fully expanded) are 5.2 cm (length) × 2.4 cm (width). A fragrance is emitted if the foliage is bruised. Fig. 3. Adaxial

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Robert M. Pyne, Adolfina R. Koroch, Christian A. Wyenandt and James E. Simon

most economically important basil species in the United States, popularized by demand in the fragrance, flavor, fresh culinary, and dried herb industries ( Simon et al., 1990 , 1999 ). Commercial sweet basil is characterized by a specific phenotype of

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Hamidou F. Sakhanokho, Anthony L. Witcher, Cecil T. Pounders and James M. Spiers

). It is well suited to a variety of landscape uses such as a specimen plant, a contrast plant in mixed planters, and in smaller gardens. Like those of the parent plant, flowers of the variegated form are mildly fragrant. This fragrance is not as