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Alfredo Reyes-Tena, Arturo Castro-Rocha, Gerardo Rodríguez-Alvarado, Gerardo Vázquez-Marrufo, Martha Elena Pedraza-Santos, Kurt Lamour, John Larsen and Sylvia Patricia Fernández-Pavía

throughout the seasons. A better crop rotation program is required to decrease the inoculum concentration. Crop rotation for 3 years with nonsusceptible hosts is recommended because the oospores can survive and remain virulent in soils ( Babadoost and Pavon

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Paola Crinò, Chiara Lo Bianco, Youssef Rouphael, Giuseppe Colla, Francesco Saccardo and Antonino Paratore

sodium, formalin, chloropicrin, and so on), crop rotation, solarization, and use of resistant cultivars. Crop rotation appears to be ineffective because the chlamydospores of FOM are able to survive for many years in the soil ( Armstrong and Armstrong

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Guangyao Wang, Mathieu Ngouajio, Milton E. McGiffen Jr and Chad M. Hutchinson

input from agricultural fields to the nearby Salton Sea and decreased investment return have encouraged growers to adopt more sustainable production techniques such as crop rotation and the use of cover crops ( Hartwig and Ammon, 2002 ). Cover cropping

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Aaron Heinrich, Shinji Kawai and Jim Myers

necessary to reduce clubroot severity. Nor do they have rotational crops as profitable as brassicas. Clubroot has had less economic impact on larger farms in Oregon that grow brassicas for processing. Larger farms often have more crop rotation options, and

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Rachel E. Rudolph, Thomas W. Walters, Lisa W. DeVetter and Inga A. Zasada

used, with application restricted to nonbearing acreage ( Zasada and Walters, 2016 ). Crop rotation has been suggested as a cultural management practice to reduce the severity of RLN and other soilborne diseases in the red raspberry system. Although

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Jin-wei Zhang, Yi-xue Liu, Jin-ping Yu, Wei Zhang, Ya-qiong Xie and Ning-ning Ge

composition and the relative importance of crop, crop rotation, and nitrogen. In addition, Hume (1982) and Hume et al. (1991) determined the impacts of agronomic practices on weed community composition in wheat. There have been few studies of the factors

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Byron L. Candole, Patrick J. Conner and Pingsheng Ji

rot, crown rot, and leaf blight. Recommended management strategies for P. capsici include cultural practices that ensure well-drained soils in the field, crop rotation, soil solarization, use of mulches to prevent splash/soil dispersal, and

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Cecilia McGregor, Vickie Waters, Savithri Nambeesan, Dan MacLean, Byron L. Candole and Patrick Conner

use of resistant cultivars, fungicides, and cultural practices such as crop rotation ( Louws et al., 2008 ; Ristaino and Johnston, 1999 ). However, its wide host range ( Erwin and Ribeiro, 1996 ) spanning at least 14 families including economically

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Carl J. Rosen and Deborah L. Allan

in crop rotations, insects and diseases, cultivar, climate, stage of harvest, and postharvest handling. From a practical or consumer standpoint, it may not matter what the exact causes of the differences are, but from a production or scientific

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Xiaofeng Yang, Lianzhu Chen, Ming Cao, Xuebin Zhang and Shaopeng Li

. Thorup-Kristensen, K. Pedersen, A. Piro, F. Venezia, A. Firth, C. Schmutz, U. Rayns, F. Strohmeyer, K. 2010 EU-Rotate N−a decision support system−to predict environmental and economic consequences of the management of nitrogen fertiliser in crop rotations