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Cristian E. Loyola, John M. Dole and Rebecca Dunning

photon flux, and silicon applications, but more work is necessary to address the applicability of such treatments to other crops such as delphinium ( Davies et al., 2002 ; Zhao et al., 2012 , 2013 ). Zinnia meltdown is an enigmatic disorder that was

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Zhou Li, Yan Peng and Bingru Huang

polyunsaturated fatty acids catalyzed by lipoxygenase (LOX) also causes membrane lipid peroxidation in plants ( Ángel-Coronel et al., 2017 ; Fukuchi-Mizutani et al., 2000 ; Siedow, 1991 ). The suppression of LOX activity by silicon has been associated with

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Changying Li, Pengcheng Yu, Fumiomi Takeda and Gerard Krewer

, was cast in silicon rubber to form a 1-inch-diameter sphere ( Fig. 1 ). Fig. 1. The circuit board (left) and the Smart Berry sensor, a miniature instrumented sphere (middle), compared with a quarter coin (right). An interface box serves as an

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Michael G. Bausher

31 d after sowing, the plants were grafted manually using the splice grafting technique ( Oda, 1999 ) and held in place by silicon grafting clips (Bato Plastics, The Netherlands). The scions and rootstocks were cut in a simultaneous manner by placing

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M. Helena Gomes, Randolph M. Beaudry and Domingos P.F. Almeida

. The gas composition of the headspace in individual packages was monitored daily until steady-state was reached. Gas (100 μL) was withdrawn from packages through a silicon sampling septum ( Gomes et al., 2010 ). Gases were measured using a paramagnetic

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Chun-qiong Huang, Guo-dao Liu and Chang-jun Bai

hectometer, comprising 21% of domestic farmland ( Ying et al., 2006 ). Acid soils made toxic by heavy metals such as Al inhibit the growth of pasture and crops. Although Al is the third most abundant element in the earth’s crust (after oxygen and silicon

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Mary M. Gachukia and Michael R. Evans

perlite was composed of ≈85% silicon dioxide (SiO 2 ) and aluminum oxide (Al 2 O 3 ), with only trace concentrations of oxides of iron, titanium, magnesium, calcium, sodium, manganese, and K . The increase in P and K as the amount of PBH was increased in

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Chris Wilson, Joseph Albano, Miguel Mozdzen and Catherine Riiska

one end of the pipe at angles varying from 30° to 60°. Plexiglas panels with a thickness of 5 mm were marked at 1-cm intervals and glued with clear silicon to each side of the v-notch. The constructed v-notch weirs were attached to 90° elbows, which

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Jinmin Fu, Jack Fry and Bingru Huang

silicon sealant, and manually forced into holes. On the upper side of each tube were etched frames (1.3-cm long by 1.8-cm wide) that extended along the length of the tube allowing the camera to return to the exact location when repeated measurements were

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Christopher Parry and Bruce Bugbee

ratio of a sphagnum peat/vermiculite soilless substrate. This substrate has been widely used in greenhouse production because it provides a high cation exchange capacity, it provides silicon and has excellent water holding capacity. The substrate pH with