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Derald A. Harp, Cheng Chen and Curtis Jones

Particle size distribution. Large particles dominated substrates GR1, GR2, and GR3, the majority of which were expanded shale. By weight, over 60% of these substrates were composed of particles 4 mm in diameter or larger (62.6%, 63.6%, and 61

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Kevin Fort, Joaquin Fraga, Daniele Grossi and M. Andrew Walker

(version 11.0). Student’s t tests with heteroscedastic distributions were alternatively tested with a Mann–Whitney rank-sum test. Results Unstressed differences in root and shoot development. On the final day of the daily watered establishment period

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Kanin J. Routson, Gayle M. Volk, Christopher M. Richards, Steven E. Smith, Gary Paul Nabhan and Victoria Wyllie de Echeverria

blight ( Erwinia amylovora Burrill) resistance in apple breeding programs that use transgenic early flowering methods to reduce the length of the generation cycles ( Flachowsky et al., 2011 ). We describe genetic diversity and distribution of M. fusca

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Yu Wang, Haobo Yang, Shuai Zhong, Xin Liu, Tong Li and Chengwen Zong

. To a certain extent, these relationships reflect the ecological characteristics and metabolic composition of the various populations in the Changbai Mountains and their spatial distributions, further demonstrating that altitude and latitude are

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Monika Ghimire, Tracy A. Boyer, Chanjin Chung and Justin Q. Moss

distributed error term that follows a type I extreme value distribution. Allowing model parameters to vary randomly over individuals, the MLM is characterized by accommodating heterogeneity as a continuous function of parameters. The MLM incorporates

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Kevin Ong, Madalyn Shires, Holly Jarvis Whitaker, Jennifer Olson, Joseph LaForest and David H. Byrne

. The use of volunteers in scientific efforts, known as citizen science, has benefitted and advanced science in areas of conservation science, natural resource management, ecological research, biodiversity research, and others ( Flannery, 2016

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Zhan Shu, Xue Zhang, Dianqiong Yu, Sijia Xue and Hua Wang

different evolutionary and ecological processes than J. regia . Thus, some important characteristics of J . cathayensis genes could have an evolutionary and ecological impact on J. regia genetic resources if the hybrids produce successful descendants

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Lanqing Wang, Yinfeng Li, Dehai Liu, Chaohui Zhang, Yuancheng Qi, Yuqian Gao, Jinwen Shen and Liyou Qiu

[ Cantharellus cibarius ( Laniece, 1966 )]. Compared with the solid spawns, there are numerous advantages of adapting the liquid culture technique, such as improved automation in the spawn plant, more uniform distribution of the inoculum in the substrate ( Eyal

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Tingting Tong, Lili Shao, Zhonghua Peng and Youping Sun

), and has been licensed to Jiangsu Ao-Yang Ecological Agriculture and Forestry Ltd. (Suzhou, Jiangsu, China). Origin Osmanthus fragrans ‘Cai Ye Gui’ was derived from wild-collected seeds (≈4000 kg) purchased in 1999 from retail nurseries in the southern

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Nihat Tursun, Bekir Bükün, Sinan Can Karacan, Mathieu Ngouajio and Hüsrev Mennan

, weed distribution, soil type, soil moisture, pH, and soil fertility level. In Turkey, there are currently no herbicides registered for leek. Cultivation and hand hoeing are the common practices used. These techniques are time-consuming and require