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Leonor F.S. Leandro, Lisa M. Ferguson, Frank J. Louws and Gina E. Fernandez

growers, including those who desire to implement organic systems, have expressed interest in management systems that are not dependent on chemical soil fumigation but rely on biologically based approaches, such as the use of cover crops and compost

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Kristin L. Getter and Dale W. Rozeboom

make peat more costly than local substrates due to long distance transportation. For this, and other reasons, recent research has focused on peat alternatives or extenders. Such products have included composted dairy manure ( Shober et al., 2010 , 2011

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Annette S. Bucher and Manfred K. Schenk

We thank the Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt and the Deutsche Kompost Handelsgesellschaft for financial support. Composts were prepared by PlanCoTec, Witzenhausen, Germany. The cost of publishing this paper was defrayed in part by the payment of page

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Joseph G. Masabni and S. Alan Walters

proper soil preparation and plant establishment, and reduced pesticide, water, and fertilizer inputs. The protocol developed for Earth-Kind ® vegetable production includes: 1) an annual soil test; 2) incorporating a 4 to 6-inch layer of compost before

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Robert R. Tripepi, Mary W. George, K. Amanda Linskey, John E. Lloyd and Jennifer L. Van Wagoner

fertilizer spike (113 g) inserted into the root ball in 2002 or one Ross Gro-Stake (Eko Compost, Missoula, MT) 10N–4.3P–8.3K Evergreen fertilizer spike (113 g) per ball in 2003 with a spike inserted at the outer edge of the ball, and mulch mixed 1:1 (by

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Angela Y.Y. Kong, Cynthia Rosenzweig and Joshua Arky

providing good moisture holding and aeration properties. However, these characteristics also mean that the substrate has limited nutrient holding and retention capacities. After the nutrients in the organic component (e.g., compost) of the substrate are

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Ajay Nair, Mathieu Ngouajio and John Biernbaum

). Growers often design their own mixes using compost and other organic amendments. Organic growers largely depend on compost to manage nutrient requirements of growing transplants. Incorporation of large proportions of compost in the growing medium is not

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John E. Beck, Michelle S. Schroeder-Moreno, Gina E. Fernandez, Julie M. Grossman and Nancy G. Creamer

based soil management practices, such as cover crop rotations, additions of compost and vermicompost are important practices in organic systems, but may also serve as important transitions from fumigation in conventional strawberry systems. These soil

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Danielle D. Treadwell, George J. Hochmuth, Robert C. Hochmuth, Eric H. Simonne, Lei L. Davis, Wanda L. Laughlin, Yuncong Li, Teresa Olczyk, Richard K. Sprenkel and Lance S. Osborne

, peat–perlite–compost in pots ( Succop and Newman, 2004 ), compost–peat in 72-count trays ( Clark and Cavigelli, 2005 ), compost–peat in Styrofoam transplant flat ( Raviv et al., 1998 ), peat–perlite in 128-count trays ( Russo, 2006 ), a range of peat

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Qingren Wang, Waldemar Klassen, Edward A. Evans, Yungcong Li and Merlyn Codallo

soil and water in such a fragile region. Composts of municipal solid wastes, including yard wastes, paper, cardboard, food waste, textiles, and so on, have shown high potential to improve soil fertility and production of various crops. For instance