al., 1995 ; Rey et al., 2002 ), the simplicity of reproduction through seeds has advantages for mass propagation. However, Ilex seeds are difficult to germinate, because embryos in mature seeds are usually at the immature heart or torpedo stage
Poster Session 34—Seed and Stand Establishment 30 July 2006, 12:00–12:45 p.m.
Journal paper 15,899 of the Purdue Agricultural Research Programs, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Ind. This Research was supported by a grant from Quality Botanical Ingredients, Inc. We thank Larry W. Nees, Seed Administrator of the
135 ORAL SESSION (Abstr. 645-650) CROSS-COMMODITY SEED PHYSIOLOGY II
such as Japan and Korea ( Song et al., 2006 ). C. bungei is grown mainly by cuttings and root propagation and seldom by seed propagation. With the increasing demand for this endangered wild resources ( Zhang et al., 2010 ), seed propagation can be used
grafting from ≈1500 years ago ( Li and Dai, 2007 ). The seeds of this tree can be processed to produce nuts, which have been served as snack foods with some health effects ( Chen and Chen, 2019 ; Chen and Jin, 2019a ). The seeds have a high nutritional
is to be carried out efficiently. The cultivated triploid NPS 3-487 (released commercially as U. americana ‘Jefferson’) was studied by Sherald et al. (1994) , who found that 17% of the fruit on the triploid contained viable seed. This figure is low
Seeds America Inc., Morgan Hill, CA for supplying broccoli seeds.
for evaluation and by commercial growers. We focused on propagation of swamp tupelo from seed because of success with other members of the genus. All species of Nyssa form seeds within fleshy drupes. Dirr and Heuser (2006) noted that seeds of black
diversity and threatens the success of the project ( Kutner and Morse, 1996 ). A more desirable system would be to produce sea oats from seed ( Knott et al., 2012 ). Production of sea oats plants from seed would not only increase genetic diversity of sea