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differences among accessions is particularly critical at germplasm repositories, which are uniquely challenged to develop collections that represent the genetic diversity of the crop species. Molecular markers have become an accepted and widely used tool for

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practices were used previously to identify peach-related germplasm, including morphology ( Wang and Zhuang, 2001 ), cytology ( Guo et al., 1996 ), palynology ( Wang and Zhou, 1990 ), isozymes ( Mowrey et al., 1990 ), and DNA markers ( Cheng et al., 2001

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expensive procedure. The use of molecular breeding will allow saving time and increasing selection efficiency. Linkage maps of progenies segregating for important economic traits such as fruit quality and yield are required to develop marker

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a few cultivars were named, and some cases of homonymy and synonymy exist. The genetic information of wintersweet germplasm is also poorly understood. Although biochemical markers and morphological traits had been used in attempts to understand their

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biotechnological applications ( Matsumoto et al., 2013 ). In tropical ornamentals, including Anthurium , very few tools, simple or complex, for molecular evaluation of germplasm are available. Chloroplast gene markers have been used extensively for molecular

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low in pawpaw patches, within-population genetic variation could be low. However, Pomper et al. (2009b) examined clonality of six pawpaw patches in Kentucky using inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) DNA markers and found that at least 50% of the

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; Lerceteau-Köhler et al., 2003 ), which allows breeders to identify dominant and recessive alleles for these loci. The advent of molecular genetics provided plant breeders with molecular markers to use for identification of alleles linked to disease

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diverse parental genotypes ( Gurmu et al., 2013 ; Martin, 1965 ). The application of molecular approaches will be critical for exploiting heterosis for sweetpotato improvement; genetic markers will be required for analysis of diversity among parental

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morphological markers has been useful for olive germplasm characterization and identification in many olive-growing countries ( Cantini et al., 1999 ; Rallo et al., 2005 ). However, discrimination of varieties based on morphology evaluation is limited by the

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-tsai Hort. and var. multiceps Hort.). Cao et al. (1994) replaced var. tsaitai Hort. and var. utilis Tsen et Lee with var. purpurea Mao and parachinensis Tsen et Lee. Within the past two decades, several molecular markers have been developed and

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