Availability of germplasm with high level of resistance is essential for broadening the genetic base and breeding crop cultivars resistant to abiotic and biotic stresses. The objective of this study was to determine reaction of a common bean core collection from the Iberian Peninsula to anthracnose, rust, common and halo blights, bean common mosaic virus (BCMV, a potyvirus) and bean common mosaic necrosis virus (BCMNV, a potyvirus) pathogens. Of 43 accessions evaluated, 14 large-seeded Andean type, seven small-seeded Middle American type and seven with intermediate characteristics or recombinant type between the two gene pools had resistant reaction to one or more diseases. Resistance to race 17 or 23 of anthracnose pathogen was present in 17 accessions and four accessions were resistant to both races. Resistance to race 38 or 53 of rust pathogen was shown by 22 accessions and five accessions were resistant to both races. All accessions were susceptible to common bacterial blight and 12 accessions had resistance to halo blight. Ten accessions showed resistance to BCMV, none to BCMNV, and two were variable to both viruses. Accessions such as PHA-0573 (pinto), PHA-0589 (marrow), PHA-0654 (favada pinto), and PHA-0706 (favada) showed resistance to two or more diseases. These accessions may be valuable in breeding Andean bean for enhancing simultaneous utilization of both large seed size and disease resistance.
Ana B. Monteagudo, A. Paula Rodiño, Margarita Lema, María De la Fuente, Marta Santalla, Antonio M. De Ron and Shree P. Singh
Over the last century, climate change, adoption of new regulations, and changes in cropping systems have significantly impacted weed and pest management in horticultural crops. The objective of this workshop was to provide a critical review of major changes and discuss current and future trends for weed and pest management. Speakers touched on a broad range of topics including climate change and disease dynamics, the use of disease resistance inducers, soil management for pest management, and the role of allelopathy in weed management. Major recommendations included 1) increased grower education related to the impact of climate change on plant diseases; 2) more research directed towards a better understanding of the interaction of plant–pathogen–inducer; 3) use of organic soil amendments, cover crops, crop rotations, and resistant cultivars to enhance the weed and disease suppressive effect of soils; and 4) enhancement of allelochemical production and subsequent weed suppression through conventional breeding and molecular techniques.
White pine blister rust (Cronartium ribicola J.C. Fisch.) (WPBR) was discovered on Ribes L. in New York in 1906, although it was accidentally introduced from Europe on pine (Pinus L.) seedlings. The spread of this destructive fungus has changed the forests in North America. After decades of reduced planting because of the concern over the impact of WPBR, white pine (Pinus strobus L.) is now being restored in the lake states of Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan. Although the potential for growing white pine is high on many sites, the disappearance of a seed source because of logging and fires means that reestablishment of white pine to these areas will require active management. A series of plantings have been established on three national forests in Minnesota and Michigan to evaluate various silvicultural treatments intended to minimize the incidence of WPBR and to compare the performance of seedlings selected for disease resistance to nonselected planting stock.
Yuee Tian, Zhiping Che, Di Sun, Yuanyuan Yang, Xiaomin Lin, Shengming Liu, Xiaoyu Liu and Jie Gao
) described that tree peony cultivars can be classed into three types according to the initial time of flowering: the early-flowering, the middle-flowering, and the late-flowering. However, the disease resistance of these different flowering tree peony
Christine E. Coker, Patricia R. Knight and John M. Anderson
Sun coleus (Solenostenum scutellarioides) are commonly used in the southern landscape. However, with the introduction of new cultivars, producers and consumers may be unaware of the selection and landscape performance of sun coleus. Sun coleus cultivars were trialed under landscape conditions at the South Mississippi Branch Station in Poplarville, Miss., in 2000 and 2001. The objective of this study was to evaluate sun coleus cultivars based on landscape performance criteria including flowering, durability, vigor, uniqueness, and insect and disease resistance. Cultivars performing well over both years included `Ducksfoot Red,' `Ducksfoot Tricolor', `Ducksfoot Yellow', `Sunflower Red', `Pineapple', Mardi Gras', and `Saturn'.
Stephen J. Stringer, Donna A. Marshall, Blair J. Sampson and James M. Spiers
fruiting wood and total vegetative growth. To evaluate disease resistance, no fungicides were used in this study. Leaf disease symptoms of black rot and angular leaf spot resulting from Guignardia bidwelli and Mycosphaerella anguata , respectively, were
Don R. La Bonte, Arthur Q. Villordon, Christopher A. Clark, Paul W. Wilson and C. Scott Stoddard
. Production for fresh market is not anticipated in Louisiana as a result of its inconsistent appearance. In California, yields are competitive with other specialty white flesh types. Broad-spectrum disease resistance, including soil rot and southern root
Young-Sik Park, Jae-Yun Heo and Sun-Bai Bang
Vitis amurensis is a member of the family Vitaceae and is found in China, Japan, and Korea ( Venuti et al., 2013 ). Several researchers have reported that it has high disease resistance and freezing tolerance ( Jiao et al., 2015 ; Liu and Li, 2013
Mark J. Henning, Henry M. Munger and Molly M. Jahn
`Hannah's Choice F1' is a new, high quality eastern type muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) with multiple disease resistance. It was developed in the Department of Plant Breeding at the Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station in Ithaca, N.Y. It is well adapted for northeastern U.S. conditions and shows potential for good adaptation in the northwest. With multiple disease resistance it is well suited for home gardeners, market gardeners, and commercial growers. `Hannah's Choice F1' has excellent resistance to powdery mildew races 1 and 2 (Podosphaera xanthi) and some tolerance to Fusarium root rot (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melonis) race 2. In addition, it has resistance to watermelon mosaic virus (WMV), papaya ringspot virus (PRSV), and zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV). This is the first commercial melon to have combined resistance to these three potyviruses. Also, it has shown some field tolerance to spider mites (Tetranychus urticae). Lastly, it has shown some field tolerance to downy mildew (Pseudoperonospora cubensis), angular leaf spot (Pseudomonas syringae pv. lachrymans), and gummy stem blight (Didymella bryoniae). In 2001, 2002, and 2003 it was grown in replicated trials in New York and in 2002 and 2003 in Oregon.
Bruce I. Reisch, R. Stephen Luce and Anna Katharine Mansfield
General growth and yield. For both enological and viticultural comparisons, ‘Chambourcin’, an interspecific hybrid red wine cultivar, was used as a standard. ‘Arandell’ was tested only in the absence of fungicides to allow for disease resistance assessment