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Amanda Skidmore, Neil Wilson, Mark Williams and Ric Bessin

physical control [i.e., rowcover barriers, cultivation practices, and mulching ( Orozco-Santos et al., 1995 ; Rojas et al., 2011 ; Zehnder et al., 2007 )] and cultural control [i.e., crop rotation, the use of trap crops, adjustment of planting dates, and

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Adam Montri and J.A. Biernbaum

deeply after readily available nutrients have been used. Future research needs in the area of SOM management include compost application rates and types of compost based on the cropping system (perennial or annual) and crop rotation. SOM cycling under

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Anthony M. Ortiz, Brent S. Sipes, Susan C. Miyasaka and Alton S. Arakaki

. javanica has been found within the taro germplasm ( Ortiz et al., 2008 ). To reduce populations of M. javanica before the planting of taro, crop rotations with green manure crops that are non-hosts or poor hosts provide alternative means of controlling

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-term crop rotation systems. Wang et al. (p. 68) evaluated effects of four brassica and sorghum-sudangrass cover crops on nutrient cycling, weed suppression, and onion yield on a muck soil with high organic matter in Michigan. All cover crops recycled

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method of weed control was integrated in a management plan that utilized crop rotation, cover crops, and disease-resistant varieties. Mulch cost was the major factor influencing profitability of this system. Balanced cropping of `Chambourcin' grapevines

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Melissa Bonham, Gerald M. Ghidiu, Erin Hitchner and Elwood L. Rossell

, azinphos-methyl, and phosmet, until the early 1990s. Additionally, the increase in carrot weevil damage may also be attributed to limited acreage for crop rotation, an important pest management tactic for carrot weevil ( Grafius, 1984 ). Seed treatment

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Joseph N. Wolukau, Xiaohui Zhou and JinFeng Chen

several cucurbit production areas ( Keinath and Zitter, 1998 ). Crop rotations are only partially effective, because airborne inoculum coming in from other areas can help to initiate new infections ( Tullu et al., 2002 ). Therefore, use of resistant

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Robert L. Mikkelsen

during manure storage and composting. Because excreted K mostly goes into urine, if this fraction is not effectively recovered, it will not be returned to the field with the solid portion of the manure. Crop rotations are a central part of organic

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Alfredo Reyes-Tena, Arturo Castro-Rocha, Gerardo Rodríguez-Alvarado, Gerardo Vázquez-Marrufo, Martha Elena Pedraza-Santos, Kurt Lamour, John Larsen and Sylvia Patricia Fernández-Pavía

throughout the seasons. A better crop rotation program is required to decrease the inoculum concentration. Crop rotation for 3 years with nonsusceptible hosts is recommended because the oospores can survive and remain virulent in soils ( Babadoost and Pavon

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Paola Crinò, Chiara Lo Bianco, Youssef Rouphael, Giuseppe Colla, Francesco Saccardo and Antonino Paratore

sodium, formalin, chloropicrin, and so on), crop rotation, solarization, and use of resistant cultivars. Crop rotation appears to be ineffective because the chlamydospores of FOM are able to survive for many years in the soil ( Armstrong and Armstrong