support for a ban if the primary location was often frequented by children. This study takes a cursory look at which locations survey respondents believe a pesticide ban should be implemented. Materials and methods To assess awareness and support for the
Julie H. Campbell and Victoria H. Wallace
Yun-Im Kang, Hyang Young Joung, Dae Hoe Goo, Youn Jung Choi, Mok Pil Choi, Hye Ryun An, Jae-Young Ko, Kang-Joon Choi, Ki Hwan Lee and Kye Wan Hong
required. This survey, the first of its kind in South Korea, assessed the popularity of cultivars and the characteristics of lily cultivation to use these results to develop new cultivars and cultivation techniques for South Korea’s lily farms. A second
Lee Elder and Robert Gorman
About 333 people in the Anchorage area are involved in landscaping and landscape architecture, while about 18% of all farms in Alaska are considered greenhouse and nursery farms. These greenhouse and nursery farms account for $12.7 million in annual sales and comprise 28% of total Alaska agricultural sales. Alaskan horticulture producers have little industry knowledge of landscapers' and landscape architects' demand for Alaska native plants. This survey attempted to uncover the amounts of specific native Alaska varieties of shrubs, trees, herbaceous plants, and ferns that landscapers and landscape architects used in 2004, while also asking what types of plants they would like to use if a consistent supply was established. Landscapers' and landscape architects' business activities and perceptions are also evaluated. Surveys were distributed electronically as well as by standard mail to 165 landscapers and landscape architects in the Anchorage area. An overall 12% response rate provided insight into the commercial demand for Alaska native plant varieties.
Lisa Keith, Tracie Matsumoto, Kate Nishijima, Marisa Wall and Mike Nagao
, their cultivar hosts, and sample origin. Results Field observations and symptoms. A preharvest fungal disease survey on rambutan was conducted at the Waiakea Agricultural Experiment Station and at a local farm. Disease symptoms were visible on leaves
David R. Rudell, Sara Serra, Nathanael Sullivan, James P. Mattheis and Stefano Musacchi
., 2011 ; Oms-Oliu et al., 2012 ; Stewart et al., 2007 ). Profiling of pear fruit Vs, nonpolar (NP), and polar metabolites was used to assess variability within pear metabolome. We employed this methodology to survey postharvest metabolic differences
Alex X. Niemiera and Carol E. Leda
A survey to determine teaching methodologies for plant material courses was conducted. A total of 120 surveys was sent to horticulture programs at U.S. universities and colleges. Thirty-nine, 22, and 8 respondents taught a woody plant (W), a herbaceous perennial (HP)/annual (A) course, and a foliage plant course, respectively; 21 respondents taught a combination of theses courses. The following similarities were noted for W and HP/A: 1) about 190 species per Semester were presented usually in a taxonomic order using slides as the primary teaching medium for lecture, 2) the most common student complaint was too much work and memorization, 3) the most common student compliment was the practical and useful nature of the subject matter, 4) in order of importance, plant identification, landscape value, and plant cultural aspects were emphasized. For W and HP/A, 93% and 65% of plants, respectively, were presented as landscape and arboreta specimens. Seventy percent of W courses used Dirr's Manual of Woody Landscape Plants; 58% and 10% of HP/A courses used Still's Manual of Herbaceous Ornamental Plants and Taylor's Guides, respectively.
Margaret M. Saska, Yulia A. Kuzovkina and Robert M. Ricard
research. Materials and methods A mail survey was conducted that was comprised of 34 items, including 27 closed-ended and five open-ended questions and six opinion-based, closed-ended questions structured on a five-point scale ( Likert, 1932 ). The first
Amy Jo Chamberlain, Kathleen M. Kelley and Jeffrey Hyde
preference for locally grown over certified organic products, their willingness to pay for organic produce was about the same as for locally grown produce. In addition, a national survey indicated that 44% of consumers reported being equally attracted to
Kathleen M. Kelley, James C. Sellmer and Rebecca H. Robert
supports is to use surveys, focus groups, and informational outreach to gauge user interests and needs. A strong member base and supportive community built on active recruiting and program development, strong outreach, and audience-directed activities
S. Varlamoff, W.J. Florkowski, J.L. Jordan, J. Latimer and K. Braman
A survey of Georgia homeowners provided insights about their use of fertilizers and pesticides. Knowledge of current homeowner practices is needed to develop a best management practices manual to be used by Master Gardeners to train the general public through the existing outreach programs. The objective of the training program is to reduce nutrient runoff and garden chemicals and improve the quality of surface water in urban water-sheds. Results showed three of four homeowners did their own landscaping and, therefore, fully controlled the amount of applied chemicals and the area of application. Fertilizers were primarily applied to lawns, but a high percentage of homeowners also applied them to trees, shrubs, and flowers. Insecticides were applied by a larger percentage of homeowners than herbicides. Control of fire ants (Solenopsis invicta) was likely the reason behind the frequent use of insecticides. The desire for a weed free lawn was the plausible motivation behind the use of herbicides, which were used mostly on lawns. Fungicide use was infrequently reported by Georgia homeowners. The pattern of fertilizer and pesticide use suggests that the developed manual should emphasize techniques and cultural practices, which could lower the dependence on chemicals, while ultimately assuring the desired appearance of turf and ornamental plants.