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Donna C. Fare, Charles H. Gilliam and Gary J. Keever

Efficient usage of current water supplies is of great concern to container-nursery producers. Improving water management first requires knowledge of current commercial container production practices. In this study, irrigation distribution from overhead sprinklers was monitored at container nurseries to determine the distribution and the amount of irrigation applied during a typical irrigation cycle. Several nurseries surveyed had poorly designed irrigation systems; subsequently, irrigation distribution varied widely at sampling dates and within the growing-container block. Uniform distribution was achieved at some nurseries, but required careful monitoring of the irrigation system. Future water restrictions may force nurseries to improve water usage by changing irrigation delivery methods to minimize water use, resulting in reduced surface runoff and effluent from container nurseries.

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Jeff B. Million and Thomas H. Yeager

The container nursery industry is facing severe restrictions on water use ( Beeson et al., 2004 ). Container substrate water deficits can be measured directly by weighing ( Beeson, 2011 ; Million et al., 2010 ; Owen et al., 2007 ), indirectly with

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Xiang Cao, Darrell Bosch and James Pease

Productivity of irrigation water use and contaminant runoff control are becoming increasingly important to nursery and greenhouse growers as well as to policymakers and the public. Increased attention to minimizing total applications of water to

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Geno A. Picchioni, Jagtar Singh, John G. Mexal and Ryan M. Goss

Undergraduate students generally have difficulty understanding plant water use in nursery conditions. A simple and reliable exercise to quantify evapotranspiration (ET) of containerized nursery plants is missing in the literature and could improve

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Milton D. Taylor, Sarah A. White, Stephen J. Klaine and Ted Whitwell

Poster Session 32—Nursery Crops 2 20 July 2005, 12:00–12:45 p.m. Poster Hall–Ballroom E/F

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Jeff B. Million and Thomas H. Yeager

Irrigation scheduling in a container nursery presents many challenges to water managers. One challenge is accounting for the variability in crop production conditions that exist at any given time in the nursery. It is common for container nurseries

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Benedict C. Posadas, Patricia R. Knight, Christine E.H. Coker, Randal Y. Coker and Scott A. Langlois

nursery and greenhouse industry as one of the fastest-growing sectors of U.S. agriculture, and is inherently labor intensive with ≈40% of production costs consisting of labor costs ( Kandel, 2008 ; Mathers et al., 2010 ). The most recent estimates by

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Kimberly A. Williams, Chad T. Miller and Ward Upham

individually and in teams to identify plants, solve industry problems, and demonstrate skills in flower arranging and plant growing procedures ( National FFA Organization, 2016c ). The national nursery (NURS) CDE tests student skills in aspects of maintaining

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Alan W. Hodges, Charles R. Hall, Bridget K. Behe and Jennifer H. Dennis

The U.S. Green industry, including nursery and greenhouse producers, landscape services firms, and wholesale and retail distributors, has grown dramatically during the past 2 decades, becoming an increasingly important sector of American

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Fenton E. Larsen and Stewart S. Higgins

provided by Willow Drive Nursery and Van Well Nursery in Washington. Partial financial support was provided by funds from the Washington State nursery inspection programs, Washington State Dept. of Agriculture. ABA was provided by Toray, Inc., Tokyo