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Bruce W. Wood and Charles C. Reilly

Orchard trees of pecan [Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch] were subjected to combinations of cultural practices inducing differential physiological states so as to assess the potential for culture-related impact on damage to trees by key arthropod pests. Leaf N concentration, leaf water status, and crop load all affected foliar damage by black pecan aphids [BPA; Melanocallis caryaefoliae (Davis)] and pecan leaf scorch mite [PLSM; Eotetranychus hicoriae (McGregor)], as well as second-flush shoot growth. Damage to first-flush foliage in the late season by BPA generally diminished as leaf water status and leaf N concentration increased, but intensified with a reduction in crop load. Conversely, foliage damage by PLSM increased with elevated leaf water status and N concentration, but was unaffected by crop load. First- and second-order interactions for all combinations of cultural treatments conferring differential physiological states affected damage by pests and induction of second-flush shoot growth. Arthropod-induced defoliation on trees receiving highly favorable cultural practices—those producing high leaf N, high leaf water availability, and low crop load—was greater than on trees receiving minimal or lesser cultural inputs. Thus, cultural practices influencing leaf water status, N status, or crop load potentially act and interact to produce both desirable and undesirable side-effects on damage incurred by certain arthropod pests and therefore merit consideration in efforts to develop improved integrated pest management strategies.

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Barbara L. Goulart

An in-the-trenches researcher/coordinator viewpoint of a northeast regional LISA grant funded from 1989-93 is presented. The specifics of the logistics of coordinating a multi-state grant in a fledgling granting program is emphasized, as well as the evolution of the content and focus of the research directions for the grant Evaluation of Alternative Strategies for Small Fruit Production (Univ. of Vermont Agreement 92-08-01). This was a project in which five states in the northeastern United States proposed to cooperate on a multi-disciplinary project exploring the biological and economic feasibility of selected production practices for small fruit. These practices were selected because they showed potential for increasing net profit by reducing purchased inputs or maximizing yield. Information transfer, before, during, and after the studies was emphasized, using such diverse means as grower experimental plots, the participation of growers in integrated pest management programs, the development and publication of economic data relevant to the projects, the development of a LISA small fruit newsletter, as well as more traditional means of information dissemination such as grower meetings, and trade and scientific publications.

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George P. Opit, Yan Chen, Kimberly A. Williams, James R. Nechols and David C. Margolies

This project was funded by USDA North Central Region Integrated Pest Management Grant no. 58-5430-8-131 and USDA National Research Initiative Biologically-Based Pest Management Program Award no. 2002-34381-12146. This manuscript has been assigned

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Leah L. Granke, Layla E. Crawford and Mary K. Hausbeck

an optimum temperature of 20 °C in a glasshouse environment ( Daughtrey et al., 1995 ). Better understanding the effects of various environmental factors on spore release and disease development could provide a framework for an integrated pest

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Candace Bartholomew, Benjamin L. Campbell and Victoria Wallace

passed into law with an effective date of 1 July 1999. PA99-165 required 1) pesticide applicators to have supervisor or operator certification; 2) local board of education to establish pest control policy (traditional or integrated pest management); 3) at

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Rachelyn C. Dobson, Mary Rogers, Jennifer L.C. Moore and Ricardo T. Bessin

other agricultural integrated pest management (IPM) programs by constructing screen houses that cover the crop in the field ( Ausher, 1997 ). These screen houses have been widely adopted and proven to be economically feasible in Israel, where they are

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Steve M. Spangler, Dennis D. Calvin, Joe Russo and Jay Schlegel

92 Adams R.G. Clark J.C. Northeast sweet corn production and integrated pest management manual Univ. Connecticut Coop. Ext., Storrs Dively, G.P. 2006 Does it pay to grow Bt sweet corn? 12 May 2008 < http://www.glexpo.com/2006abstracts/SweetCorn2006

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Ronald C. Stephenson, Christine E.H. Coker, Benedict C. Posadas, Gary R. Bachman, Richard L. Harkess, John J. Adamczyk and Patricia R. Knight

development of integrated pest management (IPM) programs. These programs involve use of observation of pest populations in the field to direct timing of pesticide applications. Central to the concept of IPM is use of an economic threshold of a population level

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Neil S. Mattson, Elizabeth M. Lamb, Brian Eshenaur and John Sanderson

greenhouse insects and diseases from living specimens, or being able to practice water and media sample testing. In response, our team developed a hands-on workshop model for educational sessions that we termed Integrated Pest Management In-Depth. The

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George F. Czapar, Marc P. Curry and Raymond A. Cloyd

provided any employee training related to pesticide use ( Czapar et al., 1998 ). If training was provided, it focused on pesticide selection, while integrated pest management (IPM) concepts were seldom included. However, retail store employees appear