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Tuan Anh Le, Zoltán Pék, Sándor Takács, András Neményi, Hussein G. Daood and Lajos Helyes

. However, irrigation regimes increased carotenoid yield. In WS100/PGPR, the treatment resulted in a slight increase in lycopene (4.7 kg·ha −1 ), β-carotene (0.227 kg·ha −1 ) and total carotene (7.2 kg·ha −1 ) content. In WS50, there was a 2-fold difference

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Paemika Promkaew, Varit Srilaong, Chalermchai Wongs-Aree, Nutthachai Pongprasert, Samak Kaewsuksaeng and Satoru Kondo

boldface. GGPP = geranylgeranyl diphosphate; PSY = phytoene synthase; PDS = phytoene desaturase; ZDS = ζ-carotene desaturase; ɛ-LCY = lycopene ɛ-cyclase; β-LCY = lycopene β-cyclase; β-CHX = β-carotene hydroxylase; ɛ-CHX = ɛ-carotene hydroxylase; ZEP

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David A. Felicetti and Larry E. Schrader

reported previously ( Rudell et al., 2002 ; Schieber et al., 2002 ). The xanthophylls and β-carotene were quantified at 446 nm. Chlorophyll b (chl b) was quantified at 466 nm and chl a at 660 nm. Epicatechin, chlorogenic acid, the quercetin glycosides, and

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Chen Jiang, Penelope Perkins-Veazie, Guoying Ma and Christopher Gunter

and noted as “rind color.” Mesocarp analyses, performed at harvest and after 7, 14, and 21 d of storage, included mesocarp firmness, pH, SSC, β-carotene content, and total AsA content. Each melon was cut longitudinally through four locations of a melon

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Loutrina Staley, D.G. Mortley, C.K. Bonsi, A. Bovell-Benjamin and P. Gichuhi

MB and PL enhanced β-carotene in Amaranth compared with NPK but that of Celosia and Gboma was enhanced by MB and NPK fertilizer. Total phenolic content was higher among Amaranth plants receiving NPK, whereas those for Long Bean were greater among

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Henry Taber, Penelope Perkins-Veazie, Shanshan Li, Wendy White, Steven Rodermel and Yang Xu

free oxygen radical intermediates ( Palozza and Krinsky, 1992 ). Lycopene and β-carotene account for 90% of the total carotenoids in raw tomato fruit, with lycopene five to six times the concentration of β-carotene ( Ong and Tee, 1992 ). Consumer demand

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Shi-Lin Tian, Li Li, Yue-Qin Tian, S.N.M. Shah and Zhen-Hui Gong

lycopene to create α-carotene and β-carotene. β-carotene hydroxylase (Crtz) converts β-carotene to β-cryptoxanthin, zeaxanthin, and antheraxanthin. Ccs converts antheraxanthin into capsanthin ( Guzman et al., 2010 ). These biosynthetic enzymes are directly

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Desire Djidonou, Amarat H. Simonne, Karen E. Koch, Jeffrey K. Brecht and Xin Zhao

tomatoes, results have varied depending on the scion–rootstock combinations. In some instances, there were no significant differences in TTA or SSC ( Khah et al., 2006 ). In others, grafting increased the levels of lycopene, β-carotene, vitamin C, and

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Manoj G. Kulkarni, Glendon D. Ascough and Johannes Van Staden

different harvests and the values were averaged. The ascorbic acid content was determined by the method of Teklemariam and Sparks (2004) , and β-carotene and lycopene content were estimated by the procedure of Navarro et al. (2006) and calculated

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Rita de Cássia Alves, Ana Santana de Medeiros, Mayara Cristina M. Nicolau, Francisco de Assis Oliveira, Leonardo Warzea Lima, Edna Maria M. Aroucha and Priscila Lupino Gratão

.6 dichlorophenolindophenol 0.02%) and the values expressed in mg/100 g of citric acid; fruit color was determined by the digital colorimeter (CR-400/410; KONICA MINOLTA, Tokyo, Japan) and lycopene and β-carotene were determined by the method of Nagata and Yamashita (1992