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Justine E. Vanden Heuvel and Carolyn J. DeMoranville

fruit that had developed beyond style fall was measured twice using digital calipers. Leaves were removed and leaf area quantified using a leaf area meter (LI 3100; LI-COR, Lincoln, NE). Leaves and fruit were put into separate bags and dried at 80 °C for

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Kristen Young and Eileen A. Kabelka

progeny were performed using 61-cm 3 cages covered with fine mesh cloth. Each cage contained six randomly chosen plants. Plants were watered once daily. As seedlings reached the first true-leaf stage, slow-release fertilizer (Osmocote, 14–14–14 N:P:K

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Amir Ali Khoddamzadeh and Bruce L. Dunn

chrysanthemum cultivars 52 d after initial fertilizer application of 16–9–12 N–P–K controlled-release fertilizer. Effects of additional fertilizer on NDVI, SPAD, atLEAF, leaf N concentration values, and plant characteristics in ‘Jacqueline Yellow’ and ‘Amico

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Shaun R. Broderick and Williams B. Evans

Miracle-Gro, Marysville, OH) or a conventional fertilizer blend as our experimental controls. Both conventional and slow-release fertilizers were applied at 100 lb/acre N. The conventional fertilizer blend was created to mimic the reported N–P–K ratio of

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María A. Equiza and David A. Francko

developed to quantify freezing damage in plants. Visual assessment of injury, e.g., percentage of leaf decay, water-soaked patches, and/or necrotic areas, is somewhat subjective and symptoms might take time to appear ( Francko and Wilson, 2004 ; Percival

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Juan Carlos Díaz-Pérez and Touria E. Eaton

and K after transplanting were 0.7, 1.0, 1.5, and 2 kg·ha −1 ·d −1 in week 5, week 6; week 7; and weeks 13–15, respectively. Total N–P–K applied in the season was 218 kg·ha −1 N, 30 kg·ha −1 P, and 181 kg·ha −1 K. Experimental design and treatments

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San-Gwang Hwang, Hsiao-Chien Chao and Huey-Ling Lin

important C4 summer leafy vegetable (edible amaranth) for this study. A recent study on the effects of sudden increase in temperature on photosynthesis showed that net photosynthesis of Chinese cabbage is decreased when leaf temperature is greater than

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Diana Carolina Núñez-López, Augusto Ramírez-Godoy and Hermann Restrepo-Díaz

( Hall et al., 2007 ) and Cacopsylla pyri (Psyllidae) in pears ( Saour et al., 2010 ). In addition, use of kaolin can have positive effects on the plant physiology ( Glenn and Puterka, 2002 ). It has also been stated that leaf temperature and/or fruit

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Yan Zhang, Cuiyue Liang, Yan Xu, Thomas Gianfagna and Bingru Huang

Leaf senescence is a natural process of leaf maturation, but it can be induced prematurely by environmental stresses. Cytokinins (CKs) have been well known for their function in delaying leaf senescence, and even in reversing the process of leaf

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Gerry H. Neilsen, Denise Neilsen, Sung-hee Guak and Tom Forge

affected, is generally modified to improve fruit quality ( Behboudian and Mills, 1997 ). In contrast, crop load has long been recognized as a major influence on apple leaf and fruit nutrient concentration ( Hansen, 1973 , 1980 ). Heavy cropping often