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Heping Zhu, James Altland, Richard C. Derksen and Charles R. Krause

There are over 1400 liner nurseries in the United States with over $395 million in sales in 2009 [ U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), 2010 ]. In this production system, small liners (3- to 20-inch tall) are densely planted at a rate of 7000 to

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Rayane Barcelos Bisi, Ute Albrecht and Kim D. Bowman

challenges is to obtain enough plants of the new rootstock clones in nursery propagation. Although propagation of citrus rootstocks can be accomplished effectively by stem cuttings or micropropagation ( Albrecht et al., 2017 ; Bowman and Albrecht, 2017

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Mohammed El-Sayed El-Mahrouk, Yaser Hassan Dewir and Salah El-Hendawy

or 1 compost : 1 vermiculite v/v) to form 13 growth media ( Table 1 ). A medium composed of coir and vermiculite (1 coir : 1 vermiculite v/v) was used as the control because of its wide utilization in nurseries. The pH, electrical conductivity (EC

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Robin G. Brumfield and Peter F. McSweeney

We surveyed 22 Australian nurseries in 1995 to: 1) develop a profile of Australian nurseries from a production, management, and profitability perspective; 2) compare the data to relevant U.S. benchmarks; and 3) identify trends and potential areas of improvement in the management of Australian nursery enterprises. The study confirmed that Australian nurseries incur high labor costs (38.8% of sales) that are comparable to United States nurseries, while costs of materials and supplies were lower than their U.S. counterparts. Overall, the costs of the surveyed nurseries appeared lower than their U.S. counterparts. Concerns of managers were directed towards recruiting and keeping labor and marketing rather than increasing capital investment to increase production efficiency. Capital expenditures tended to be funded from internal cash flows rather than external borrowings. Many of the nursery managers used relatively simple performance indicators and most business objectives were stated in general terms. Australian nurseries carried more diverse product ranges than the U.S. nurseries. Many of the nurseries adopted quite vigorous marketing strategies with a stronger emphasis on marketing than in those in the U.S. Concerns about the viability of the industry included oversupply, the growth in chain stores business, factors eroding the demand for nursery products and greater regulation.

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Jennifer L. Parke, Neelam R. Redekar, Joyce L. Eberhart and Fumiaki Funahashi

Diseases caused by Phytophthora species are among the most damaging to greenhouse and nursery-grown horticultural crops ( Jones and Benson, 2001 ; U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2009 ). These pathogens cause damping-off diseases, root rot, stem

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Amy Jo Waldo and James E. Klett

158 ORAL SESSION 44 (Abstr. 681–686) Culture & Management–Nursery Crops

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Diana R. Cochran, Charles H. Gilliam, Glenn Fain and Robert D. Wright

Poster Session 26—Nursery Crops 2 29 July 2006, 12:00–12:45 p.m.

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S.M. Schneider, B.D. Hanson, J.S. Gerik, A. Shrestha, T.J. Trout and S. Gao

Soil fumigation with methyl bromide (MB) has commonly been used before planting open-field perennial crop nurseries to meet grower expectations and government regulations designed to ensure high-quality planting stock for domestic and international

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Joyce L. Merritt, Ellen Dickstein, Robert S. Johnson, Michael Ward, Robert J. Balaam, Carrie L. Harmon, Philip F. Harmon, G. Shad Ali, Aaron J. Palmateer, Timothy Schubert and Ariena H.C. van Bruggen

Florida as compared with the United States (1598 for Florida vs. 18,670 for the United States) is likely due to differences in what types of nurseries are included in these statistics. About 874 million ornamental plants were imported into Florida in 2010

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Coleman L. Etheredge, Tina M. Waliczek and Pratheesh Omana Sudhakaran

remains one of the most limiting factors when hiring new employees at greenhouse and nursery facilities. When asked in a recent survey of greenhouse and nursery owners, “What, if anything, has caused your location to limit new hires in the past 12 months