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Carl E. Sams, Dilip R. Panthee, Craig S. Charron, Dean A. Kopsell and Joshua S. Yuan

hydrocarbon carotenes such as β-carotene, α-carotene, and lycopene ( Zaripheh and Erdman, 2002 ). There are over 600 carotenoids found in nature with 40 dietary carotenoids regularly consumed in the human diet ( Bendich, 1993 ). Xanthophylls serve important

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Rebecca L. Turk, Helen T. Kraus, Ted E. Bilderback, William F. Hunt and William C. Fonteno

with a low Ksat (resulting in an overall Ksat of 30 cm·h −1 ) was most efficient for P remediation ( Hsieh et al., 2007a) . Metals, oils, and hydrocarbons are easily removed with a higher Ksat rate (14.4 cm·h −1 ), whereas P, N, pathogens, and total

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Haejeen Bang, Angela R. Davis, Sunggil Kim, Daniel I. Leskovar and Stephen R. King

numerous hydrocarbon carotenes that were determined to be xanthophyll esters ( Fig. 2A ); saponification was therefore needed to clarify the predominant carotenoids in canary yellow and pale yellow flesh watermelon. The total carotenoid content (by HPLC) of

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Yuting Meng, Boling Liu, Ping Zhang, Ping Cui, Yuguang Song, Nianwei Qiu, Guoliang Han and Feng Zhou

hydrocarbons in the photosynthetic primary processes in pea leaves and thylakoid preparations Plant Biol. 19 683 688 Lewis, O.A.M. Watson, E.F. Hewitt, E.J. 1982 Determination of nitrate reductase activity in barley leaves and roots Ann. Bot. 49 31 37 Li, K

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Dean A. Kopsell, J. Scott McElroy, Carl E. Sams and David E. Kopsell

) hydrocarbon carotenes (C 40 H 56 ) and 2) their oxygenated derivative, referred to as xanthophylls. Carotenoids span the thylakoid membranes of chlorophyll (Chl) complexes and function in accessory roles for light harvesting, photoprotection, and structural

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Jeb S. Fields, William C. Fonteno and Brian E. Jackson

hydrocarbon tail and a hydrophobic lipid head. The hydrophobic end will adhere to the surface of the substrate particle leaving the hydrophilic end exposed. The water molecules will then bind to the hydrophilic end and spread out across the surface of the

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Sadman Islam, Mark Lefsrud, Jan Adamowski, Blake Bissonnette and Allison Busgang

, it limited the leaching of harmful substances such as lead, mercury, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons into the captured rainwater that would have otherwise been present if the roof was made of asphalt shingles ( Van Metre and Mahler, 2003 ). At

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Na Liu, Baoli Zhou, Xin Zhao, Bo Lu, Yixiu Li and Jing Hao

grafted eggplant was different from not only the eggplant scion, but also from the tomato rootstock. Ten classes of compounds were detected in the root exudate from grafted eggplant, including hydrocarbon, benzene and benzene derivative, indene, ester

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Elizabeth Baldwin, Jinhe Bai, Anne Plotto, John Manthey, Smita Raithore, Sophie Deterre, Wei Zhao, Cecilia do Nascimento Nunes, Philip A. Stansly and James A. Tansey

juice flavor, although there is no one odor-active compound. Aldehydes, and esters particularly, contribute giving green, citrus, and fruity aromas along with terpenoid hydrocarbons ( Perez-Cacho and Rouseff, 2008 ). Table 4. Effects of insecticide

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Randy S. Nelson, Esther E. McGinnis and Aaron L.M. Daigh

covered by impervious surfaces decreases water infiltration and increases the amount of stormwater runoff [ U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA), 1993 ]. Urban runoff contains sediment, soil nutrients, road salts, petroleum hydrocarbons, and