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M. Joseph Stephens, Peter A. Alspach, Ron A. Beatson, Chris Winefield and Emily J. Buck

antioxidants found in relatively high concentrations in raspberries ( Barritt and Torre, 1975 ) and may contribute to high health properties of raspberry ( Olsson et al., 2004 ). These compounds are genetically inherited and have high heritability in raspberry

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Dilip R. Panthee, Chunxue Cao, Spencer J. Debenport, Gustavo R. Rodríguez, Joanne A. Labate, Larry D. Robertson, Andrew P. Breksa III, Esther van der Knaap and Brian B. McSpadden Gardener

multivariate ANOVA option of PROC GLM. Broad-sense heritability ( H ) of the trait was estimated by the entry mean basis ( Nyquist, 1991 ) as follows: where H represents the heritability, is genetic variance, is genotype-by-environment variance, is

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Abe Shegro Gerrano, Patrick Olusanmi Adebola, Willem Sternberg Jansen van Rensburg and Sonja Louise Venter

, however, requires information on the genetic variability that exists among available germplasm. Information on the genetic heritability and genetic advance of the targeted traits is also important for efficient selection. This study was therefore carried

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C.A. Weber

A partial diallel design was used to investigate the inheritance of tolerance to terbacil herbicide in cultivated strawberry, Fragaria ×ananassa Duch. Two tolerant cultivars, `Honeoye' and `Earliglow', two moderately tolerant cultivars, `Lester' and `Allstar', and two susceptible cultivars, `Red Chief' and `Guardian' were used as parents to create populations that segregated for tolerance to the herbicide. Tolerance rankings of the populations closely coincided with expected rankings based on the published tolerance levels of parental cultivars. `Honeoye' and `Earliglow' derived populations had the highest average tolerance ratings, while `Guardian' derived populations had the lowest tolerance ratings. Heritability was estimated at h2 = 0.50, indicating that significant progress in increasing the tolerance of new cultivars to terbacil can be achieved through traditional recurrent selection procedures. General and specific combining abilities suggest that the tolerant cultivars in this study may be fixed in their tolerance and that increased mean tolerance will be most apparent in progenies combining tolerant and susceptible cultivars. As such, a broader pool of germplasm may be needed to develop cultivars that are more tolerant than those in this study. Chemical names: terbacil (3-tert-butyl-5-chloro-6-methyluracil)

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Fekadu Gurmu, Shimelis Hussein and Mark Laing

the expression of traits. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the combining ability, type of gene action, heterosis and heritability of storage root DMC, β-carotene content, and yield-related traits of selected sweetpotato clones

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Joseph G. Robins, Blair L. Waldron and Paul G. Johnson

limiting characteristics of crested wheatgrass for turfgrass. However, the study also identified high levels of broad-sense heritability for turf quality and suggested that breeding efforts aimed at increasing crested wheatgrass turf quality would be

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Gerardo H. Nunez, Hilda Patricia Rodríguez-Armenta, Rebecca L. Darnell and James W. Olmstead

2 ) and residual variances (σ R 2 ) were used to compute the broad-sense heritability ( H 2 ) of each trait. The genetic covariance between two traits (σ G(AB) ) was used to estimate the genetic correlation between them as previously done ( Fita et

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Guo-Liang Jiang, Laban K. Rutto and Shuxin Ren

). The broad sense heritability was estimated on a genotype mean basis ( Fehr, 1987 ), as where σ g 2 is the genotypic variance, σ gy 2 is the genotype-by-year interaction variance, σ e 2 is the environmental variance, r is the number of replications

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Iban Eduardo, Pere Arús, Antonio José Monforte, Javier Obando, Juan Pablo Fernández-Trujillo, Juan Antonio Martínez, Antonio Luís Alarcón, Jose María Álvarez and Esther van der Knaap

. Heritability (h 2 ) was estimated in each location independently from the ANOVA: where NIL i is the effect of the NIL, and the estimate of h 2 was calculated as where V b and V t are the between-family (genetic variance) and total variances

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S.J. Browning, T.P. Riordan, R.K. Johnson and J. Johnson-Cicalese

Buffalograss [Buchloë dactyloides (Nutt.) Engelm] is a drought-resistant, dioecious species, native to the Central Great Plains, which shows excellent potential as a low-maintenance turfgrass. Although buffalograss can be propagated vegetatively, there is a need for seeded turf-type cultivars. To assist in developing seeded cultivars, heritabilities of turf characteristics were estimated. Heritabilities from maternal half-sib analyses ranged from h2 = 0.04 ± 0.03 for the 1988 uniformity rating to h2 = 0.62 ± 0.26 for the 1989 spring color rating. Heritability estimates calculated from offspring-parent regression were also variable and generally lower than maternal half-sib analysis. The results suggest that some turf characteristics are highly heritable and that growing conditions markedly affect heritability estimates.