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Matthew D. Madsen, Michael A. Fidanza, Nicholas S. Barney, Stanley J. Kostka, Turmandakh Badrakh and Mica F. McMillan

at 22 ± 3.0 °C. A dehumidifier operated to keep relative humidity levels ≤ 50%. Research trials were conducted on 8 × 4-ft laboratory benches that had a 12-h dark/light cycle of 632 W·m −2 of fluorescent lighting. Fine sandy textured soil (91% sand

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Xiaojuan Zong, Brandon J. Denler, Gharbia H. Danial, Yongjian Chang and Guo-qing Song

maintained at 25 °C with a 16-h photoperiod (40 µmol·s –1 ·m –2 ) and cool-white fluorescent lighting unless otherwise noted, and they were subcultured every 4 weeks using the same culture medium. The fully expanded leaves of 5- to 6-week-old stock cultures

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William R. Okie and Bryan Blackburn

chambers were monitored using Hobo H08-030-08 data loggers (Onset, Bourne, MA). Light treatments (diurnal cycles of either 12 or 24 h of light/day) were provided by the internal fluorescent lighting (F32T8 TL741 Alto; color temperature 4100 K; Phillips

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Deron Caplan, Mike Dixon and Youbin Zheng

°C, 85% RH, 500 ppm CO 2 (day and night), and a photosynthetically active radiation ( PAR ) of 250 ± 50 µmol·m −2 ·s −1 at canopy level with an 18-h photoperiod under fluorescent lighting. Beginning 3 d after transplant, plants were hand

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W. Garrett Owen and Roberto G. Lopez

surface at 3 d, and dark purple leaf color after 7 d. They concluded SL fluorescent lighting in the greenhouse may be useful for improving the color and aesthetic value of purple fountain grass. Calculated h ° from a* and b* values of ‘Ruby Sky’ leaves

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Benjamin K. Hoover

Arroyo Grande. The GRs were climate controlled, contained benches with bottom-heat mats, and had cool white fluorescent lighting ( Toole, 1963 ). The GR1 mean air temperature was 24.5 °C (1.1 sd ), mean substrate temperature was 24.6 °C (1.1 sd ), mean

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Justin R. Morris

evaluation, a 50-mL sample of the wine was poured into each glass, and the glasses were covered with a plastic petri dish. Sensory evaluation was conducted in a room illuminated with fluorescent lighting. All wines were served at 18 °C on tables with white

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Gioia D. Massa, Hyeon-Hye Kim, Raymond M. Wheeler and Cary A. Mitchell

, but all plants under red LEDs increased in shoot length compared with control plants under white fluorescent lighting ( Miyashita et al., 1997 ). Studies by Yanagi et al. (1996b) showed that lettuce plants grown under red LEDs alone had more leaves

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Mark W. Farnham and Dean A. Kopsell

and/or thermal degradation during extraction and HPLC analysis. The laboratory has no windows and only fluorescent lighting (low light intensity and limited wavelengths below 400 nm), so extractions were carried out under reduced light. In addition

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Gregory M. Peck, Ian A. Merwin, Christopher B. Watkins, Kathryn W. Chapman and Olga I. Padilla-Zakour

apples on a 9-point hedonic scale. From each experimental unit, 10 whole apples were rinsed in water and placed on white trays with three-digit blinding codes. Appearance tests were conducted under fluorescent lighting to simulate a retail market. Each