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J.C. Vlahos and P. Ververidis

Lupinus albus ssp. graecus, L. Fabaceae (Boiss. and Spruner) Franco and P.Silva, is being studied at the TEI of Heraklion since 1998 as a new plant with potential use in floriculture and ornamental horticulture. The plant has been recorded botanically; however, little is known about its physiology and genetic profile. Lupinus albus ssp. is a herbaceous annual plant 10 to 20 cm tall, growing at roadsides, field margins, vineyards, and olive groves up to 700 m altitude. The leaves are 5 to 11 cm wide, palmate shaped in alternate orientation, with five to nine leaflets 10 to 18 mm wide, all arising from the same point. The flowers are borne in terminal or lateral spike-like racemes 10 to 20 cm long. Florets are 15 mm long, dark blue occasionally with a white patch, stamens forming a tube. Pods are 60 to 70 mm long,with four to six black-spotted seeds. In the present work, seed germination studies were conducted combining chilling pretreatments with physical scarification (scratching). Mature seeds chilled at 5 °C for 6 weeks germinated readily (83%) when scarified with sand paper. Furthermore, we tested the effects of several plant growth regulators (chlorocholine chloride, paclobutrazol, maleic hydrazide and Ethrel 48) on young plants of Lupinus in order to obtain compact pot plants with more flowering racemes. Paclobutrazol at 5 and 10 mg/L achieved the best retardation effect, but did not affect flowering. In another trial with different potting media,the commercial potting soil proved the most suitable for growing lupins satisfactorily. It is concluded that Lupinus albus spp. graecus L. need further investigation in order to establish the best cultural conditions for its growth and development. Furthermore, due to its high genetic variability, selection and genetic improvement is required for optimal results.

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P.A. Thomas and B.V. Pennisi

In Georgia, horticulture is now the number two commodity in the state. The labor needs of the industry is increasing, however, enrollment in horticulture classes at UGA has been dropping. Most entry-level employees joining horticulture firms are completely without training or understanding of the industry, the type of work or the basic skills necessary to be functional. If horticulture was taught, it was by persons with Vo-Ag training in small engines, or animal husbandry etc. Students reported teachers had very little enthusiasm for the subject, no school facilities and that the school principle/administration had no vision for, or understanding of, horticulture. We are addressing this situation through an innovative partnership between Georgia High Schools, The Georgia Department of Education, and the University of Georgia. We can reverse the trend by training new and existing high school teachers by providing them a standardized floriculture curriculum and comprehensive training in greenhouse management, classroom teaching methods, industry awareness and a provide a long-term link to UGA. Our objective is to increase the number of students who are trained, motivated and willing to work in the field of horticulture as entry level workers. To do this we set about to standardize the course curriculum statewide, certify the high-school, faculty and administration for commitment and program continuity, Set up a model training greenhouse system at UGA, and conduct new teacher training at UGA through ALEC, and conduct postcertification training for teachers at UGA during the summer to upgrade skills, enthusiasm. The venture, including a model greenhouse at UGA, has been funded for over $100,000. The program currently has 218 Schools, 64 w/labs and greenhouses, 215 teachers and 25,049 students participating.

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Ellen T. Paparozzi, Neil Mattson, Mara Grossman, Stephanie Burnett and Roberto Lopez

Beginning in the late 1980s, faculty, graduate students, and industry members interested in floriculture have gathered each spring or every other year to discuss “where floriculture is headed and what that means for them.” The group typically

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Sabine R. Green and Geno A. Picchioni

The floriculture industry requires university-trained employees with wide-ranging skills, including hands-on experience, internships, and market knowledge. Retail floristry programs cover a wide range of topics, enabling a student to be ready to

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Stephanie Burnett, Neil Mattson, Brian Krug and Roberto Lopez

Consumer interest in environmentally friendly products has increased greenhouse growers’ interest in sustainable production techniques. It is estimated that consumers would spend up to 15% more for sustainable floricultural products than

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Kristin L. Getter

Latimer, 2004 ). In the U.S. floriculture industry, the PGR most extensively used is PBZ ( Whipker, 2015 ). This may be because PBZ has a low likelihood for phytotoxicity, can be applied in many different ways (sprayed, drenched, or dipped), and is

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Kristin L. Getter, Bridget K. Behe and Heidi Marie Wollaeger

to pay a price premium for floriculture crops grown using different pest management practices (grown using bee-friendly insect management practices, best insect management practices to protect pollinators, protective neonicotinoid insecticides, or

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Mathews L. Paret, Asoka S. de Silva, Richard A. Criley and Anne M. Alvarez

families are prevalent in the forests of Hawaii and are grown for cut flowers as well as for the “lei” industry, which is important because of its aesthetic and symbolic value to traditional customs and the local tourism industry. Hawaii's floriculture

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Robin G. Brumfield

The environmental horticulture industry (sometimes referred to as the green industry) is usually divided into nursery and floriculture crops. The U.S. floricultural and nursery industry is the second most important sector in U.S. agriculture in

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Marci Spaw, Kimberly A. Williams, Laurie Hodges, Ellen T. Paparozzi and Ingrid L. Mallberg

is intended for upper-level under graduate courses of greenhouse management, plant pathology, floriculture production, and nutrient management. Contingent on the course objectives, size of the class, and instructional style of the educator, this case