., 2004 ; Johnson et al., 2012 ). Common conclusions drawn from these studies were that none of the essential oil herbicides provided any residual weed control, small weed size was critical for maximum efficacy, environmental conditions affected herbicide
‘Scotch’ spearmint ( Mentha × gracilis Sole. = M. cardiaca L.) and ‘Native’ spearmint ( Mentha spicata L.) are well-known and widely grown essential oil crops in many countries, including the United States ( Bienvenu et al., 1999 ; Lawrence
provided the optimal duration of cumin seed distillation yet. According to our experience, grinding of the cumin seed before the EO extraction may result in much faster oil extraction. However, as most EO, it doesn’t dissolve in water, and evaporates
; Thorpe et al., 2008 ). We propose including neem oil among the “complex mixtures.” This oil, extracted from the seeds of Azadirachta indica (A. Juss.), has been known and used for a long time in agriculture, as a fertilizer, soil conditioner and
We have previously reported that canola sprouts, on an average, contained 27.3% oil, 25.1% protein, and 10.8% crude fiber on a dry weight basis ( Bhardwaj and Hamama, 2007 ) and 0.98, 1.23, 427, 0.57, 8.8, 430, 312, 4.54, 15, 607, 573, and 4.89 mg
A treatment of potato tubers (Solarium tuberosum L.) at 22°C with corn oil, peanut oil, olive oil, vegetable oil, or mineral oil significantly and effectively inhibited chlorophyll and solanine formation. A concn of 1/8 corn oil and 7/8 acetone was the minimum effective diluted oil treatment.
Pectic substances in 4 avocado cultivars were determined as anhydrouronic acid (AUA) during ontogeny and related to fruit maturity, alcohol-insoluble solids (AIS), alcohol-soluble solids (ASS), ASS minus oil, total oil, fresh weight and dry weight. The concentration of pectic substances in avocado pulp varied among different cultivars and increases during growth and maturation. AUA varied between 0.7 to 1.5% on a fresh weight basis. However, values on a dry weight basis are relatively constant at about 5.0% and independent of the state of maturity or cultivar. AIS, ASS, alcohol-soluble acid and oil increase as the fruit mature, ASS minus oil and water content decreased during the growth and maturation periods. Changes in oil content during ontogeny was the only constituent of those examined which was related to maturity.
Oil tea, an important edible oil tree species of Camellia , along with olive ( Olea europaea ), oil palm ( Elaeis guineensis ), and coconut ( Cocos nucifera ), are the four major woody oil species ( Yang et al., 2016 ). Oil tea has been cultivated
1 Reprint requests should be addressed to email@example.com . We thank the members of the California Olive Oil Taste Panel: Alexandra Devarenne, Franco Dunn, John Hadley, Rick Jones, Arden Kremer, Nancy Lilly
Rose-scented geranium ( Pelargonium spp.) is a perennial herb that belongs to the Geraniaceae family ( Eiasu et al., 2007 ; Rajeswara Rao et al., 1996 ). It is cultivated mainly for its high-value essential oil that is used in the perfumery