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Karl E. Foord, David C. Zlesak, Tom G. Bartholomay and Mary H. Meyer

FTE group were MGT and 65% (25 of 38 respondents) of the PTE respondents were MGT. The responses of the overlapping individuals were placed within and analyzed by their employment category. The most frequent method that readers of all groups first

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Mary Rogers, Illana Livstrom, Brandon Roiger and Amy Smith

economic disinvestment and racial segregation. As a result of this inequity, a number of issues remain salient to this community, including employment opportunities, access to healthy foods, access to quality healthcare, and public health and safety

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Lantian Du, Baojian Huang, Nanshan Du, Shirong Guo, Sheng Shu and Jin Sun

ability (e.g., pathogenic bacteria, fungi, and nematodes), and the number of beneficial microbes decreases, thus affecting the normal growth of crops and causing yield reductions. The use of reasonable cropping systems and the employment of allelopathy

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Mary E. DeHart–Bennett and Diane Relf

The horticulture industry offers numerous unskilled and semi-skilled job opportunities for qualified disabled individuals. A survey of Virginia horticulture businesses was conducted to document the employment of persons with mental retardation and to investigate employers' perceptions of these workers. Employers' perceptions of the general work habits and entry-level horticultural skills of persons with mental retardation were favorable, and showed a potential for the development of positions that could be filled by people with mental retardation.

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Pauline Hurley-Kurtz

There are growing employment opportunities in the burgeoning landscape industry for well trained, ecologically sensitive landscape designers. This paper describes an approach to beginning design for horticulture and landscape architecture students at Temple University's Ambler, Pa., campus, where the emphasis is on teaching design process and principles within an ecological framework. Preliminary exercises focus on an examination of landscape values, the application of design principles and the study of design precedent. Students then apply principles learned within an ecological design process as they design a campus garden or public space.

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Angela M. O'Callaghan and M.L. Robinson

University of Nevada Cooperative Extension (UNCE) faculty members have taught horticulture to inmates of correctional facilities for over 8 years. The training material used was the Master Gardener curriculum. Because inmates in Nevada have few opportunities to meet requirements for certification as Master Gardeners, this program was described simply as a horticulture class. Over the past 3 years, we have redirected it toward job readiness to assist inmates after release. The curriculum was first expanded to do intensive teaching on such topics as irrigation, landscape plant selection and maintenance, and problem solving. Even with these changes, horticulture jobs generally limited to low-paying, entry level ones. To improve employment opportunities, UNCE obtained the involvement of the Nevada Department of Agriculture. After inmates have passed the horticulture program, they may take the state pesticide applicator training and examination. This year, a mini course in “Developing a Business Model” will be added to the initial curriculum. To date, 36 inmates have received PAT certification. Conversations with potential employers indicate that this significantly enhances their likelihood of employment at a higher-than-entry level.

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Elsa Sánchez and Richard Craig

A variety of cooperative activities are part of the plant systematics course at The Pennsylvania State University: a learning fair hosted by the students enrolled in the course for elementary school students, applied laboratory examinations, and applied laboratory exercises. Each activity was constructed to engage students in the learning process as well as to aid in developing useful skills for future employment. A survey administered to students enrolled in the course from 2003 to 2005 revealed that most students “strongly agreed” or “agreed” that they liked working in cooperative groups and learned from other group members. Student participation in the lecture portion of the course increased as cooperative activities were completed. Organization and planning were vital to using these activities, as were small groups and adequate incentives for completing activities.

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Oluwatimilehin (Timi) Smith-Kayode

Integrated postharvest system comprising the fresh-market and juice processing from citrus fruits was the model system selected to evaluate gender participation in fruit agribusiness in Nigeria. This was in realization of the role of women in family support and food security. Results showed 60% of the labor force engaged in citrus processing and fresh fruit marketing are women. Fruit retailing involves partial processing through peeling and short-term modified-atmosphere packaging, while key unit operations of processing cover juice production, handling, and quality control. Retail activities attract higher income relative to factory work. Implications of seasonality in fruit supply in terms of income generation, employment, rural development, and strategies to empower the gender for greater productivity are discussed in the presentation.

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G.W. Stutte, I. Eraso, S. Anderson and R.D. Hickey

Sciences Service Contract at (NAS10-02001) at NASA's Kennedy Space Center. Support for R. Hickey was provided through a Graduate Training Internship from FÁS (Foras Áiseanna Saothair), Ireland's Training and Employment Authority. The authors also wish to

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David E. Whiting

, and employment without regard to race, color, creed, religion, national origin, sex, age, marital status, disability, public assistance status, veteran status, or sexual orientation. The cost of publishing this paper was defrayed in part by the payment