Green roofs are building surface treatments where plants are grown in medium on a rooftop ( DeNardo et al., 2005 ). Green rooftops can cool dwellings in warm climates and insulate buildings in cold climates ( Shafique et al., 2018 ). The earliest
different climates and chilling regimes from north–central to south Florida. The north–central site was located in Archer, FL (Lake fine sand, long. 29°31′ N, lat. 82°31′ W); the second, or central location was in Winter Garden, FL (Calander fine sand, long
The greatest threats to agricultural sustainability in the 21st century are drought, increasing temperatures, and soil salinization, all of which are being exacerbated by climate change (< http://www.copenhagendiagnosis.com >). Three approaches
Hanan and Holley (6), in 1960. published on a simple air temperature control system for research purposes. However, present climate control systems have completely revolutionized the manner, quality, and efficiency of research carried out in greenhouses. Reports by Willits et al. (8, 9) showed that building a system with equipment extant in 1975 would be difficult for a practicing horticulturist. There are possibly now more than five companies in the United States marketing environmental control “computer” systems for the greenhouse industry. Within the past 10 years, interest in the potential of sophisticated climate control has been marked (1–4, 7–9).
Sweet corn ( Zea mays L.) is a warm-season crop adapted to temperate climates ( Aguyoh et al., 1999 ). Optimum growth of sweet corn occurs when soil temperatures range from 20 to 30 °C, and soil moisture is at 75% to 100% field capacity ( Kebede et
sampling. The field trial was conducted in an experimental vineyard of the Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University (NWAFU), located in Yangling of Shanxi Province (lat. 34° N, long. 108° E), China. This area has a semiarid continental monsoon climate
to estimate phenological timing in moderate climates ( Fraga et al., 2016 ; Verdugo-Vásquez et al., 2017 ), its accuracy can vary greatly from season-to-season and it is considered inadequate as a stand-alone index for predicting the phenological
coastal climates of southern California. Materials and methods A study was conducted from June 2009 to May 2010 at the University of California, Riverside Turfgrass Research Facility [Riverside, CA; U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness
Resource Conservation Service have provided an additional incentive for growers to invest and explore the benefits of these protected environment systems. There is a lack of information related to adapting high tunnels to humid, subtropical climates in the
Temperate climate blackberries and raspberries exhibit weak growth and sparse fruiting in Florida (6, 8) because insufficient chilling in winter is obtained for normal termination of rest. Florida's native blackberries have been harvested since pioneer days for jams, pies, and fresh use, but this industry has remained very small. Rubus breeding was initiated at the University of Florida in 1953 to produce better bramble cultivars adapted for growing in warmer climates. Few introduced species and cultivars have an inherent low chilling requirement with sufficient winter cold hardiness to survive in Florida. Native types produce small berries with fruit quality below commercial acceptability. Moreover, lack of flavor is recognized as a limiting factor in most of the low chilling germplasm, especially in the trailing blackberries and ‘Mysore’ raspberry. Two reviewers of the Rubus project, G. M. Darrow, 1957, and I. C. Haut, 1958, suggested that major efforts should be made to combine features of high fruit quality from the non-adapted temperate zone varieties with climatically adapted local types.