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Guohai Xia and Lailiang Cheng

Viticulture Consortium Program and New York Wine/Grape Foundation. The authors thank Drs. Anil Ranwala and Bill Miller for help with carbohydrate analysis, Dr. Fengwang Ma for amino acid analysis, Dr. Kuo-Tan Li and Mr. Richard Raba for assistance with plant

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Xinjing Qu, Hui Wang, Ming Chen, Jiao Liao, Jun Yuan and Genhua Niu

small molecular organic compounds, including amino acids, organic acids, and soluble sugars ( Evers et al., 2010 ). Some important small molecular metabolites, such as proline, salicylic acid, and sucrose, are known to accumulate in large quantities

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Timothy L. Righetti, David R. Sandrock, Bernadine Strik, Carmo Vasconcelos, Yerko Moreno, Samuel Ortega-Farias and Pilar Bañados

dry matter partitioning. Free amino acids and total amino acids after protein hydrolysis were separated and quantified with a Beckman automated amino acid analyzer (model 6300; Global Medical Instrumentation, Ramsey, Minn.). Data shown are for whole

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Nihal C. Rajapakse, David Wm. Reed and John W. Kelly

Abbreviations: AA, amino acid; CC, container capacity; WPG, water potential gradient. 1 Present address: Dept. of Horticulture, Clemson Univ., Clemson, SC 29634. Texas Agricultural Experimental Station publication no. TA 25966. The cost of

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Meng Wei, Aijun Zhang, Hongmin Li, Zhonghou Tang and Xiaoguang Chen

incorporated into carbon skeletons for amino acid biosynthesis ( Matas et al., 2009 ). Inorganic N in the soil, in the form of nitrate and ammonia, is initially converted into glutamine and glutamate by two enzymes, GS and glutamate synthase. These amino acids

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P. Lawrence Pusey, David R. Rudell, Eric A. Curry and James P. Mattheis

different stages of anthesis were first analyzed for free sugars and free amino acids that may serve as available carbon and nitrogen sources for microbial activity. Further analyses were performed with apple to identify other major components of the

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Cristina Zambrana-Echevarría, Lorriane De Jesús-Kim, Rocio Márquez-Karry, Dimuth Siritunga and David Jenkins

. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the genetic variation of PRSV using the cp ’s nucleotide and amino acid sequence of isolates collected from papaya and weed hosts from Cucurbitaceae in Puerto Rico. In addition, the genetic relationship

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Hongmei Du, Zhaolong Wang, Wenjuan Yu and Bingru Huang

carbohydrates, amino acids, and organic acids ( Hu et al., 2010 ; Levitt, 1980 ; Seki et al., 2007 ). Organic acid, sugars, sugar alcohols, amino acids, and amines are major solutes responsive to drought stress, which are known to play critical roles in plant

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Ángel V. Domínguez-May, Mildred Carrillo-Pech, Felipe A. Barredo-Pool, Manuel Martínez-Estévez, Rosa Y. Us-Camas, Oscar A. Moreno-Valenzuela and Ileana Echevarría-Machado

., 2010 ). Nitrate is the major source of N for plants in agricultural soil; therefore, most studies of root plasticity in response to N have been performed using this inorganic N source (reviewed by Alvarez et al., 2012 ). Amino acids represent a major

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Changwei Shen, Yifei Ding, Xiqiong Lei, Peng Zhao, Shuo Wang, Yangchun Xu and Caixia Dong

and fruit by the foliar application of different K sources, as well as the quality characteristics of ‘Kousui’ japanese pear fruit, such as various sugars, organic acids, and amino acids. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different