educators disseminate information, tailoring horticultural information to the local level, and providing quality information by working through land-grant universities ( McAleer, 2005 ). Annually, over 82 million households in the United States participate
Ohio is a major horticultural state with well-educated growers willing to adopt new technologies. Because of geographic location, climate, soils, and population density, Ohio has wide diversity of horticultural industries. It ranks first in the U.S. in greenhouse vegetable production, third in floral crop production, second in the production of processing tomatoes, third in the production of cucumbers for pickles, eighth in apple production, third in nursery crop production, and fifth in food processing. Ohio ranks sixth in population in the U.S. with 57% of the total U.S. expenditures for food made within a 600-mile radius of Columbus. Because of Ohio’s high population density, many of the horticultural industries have capitalized upon their nearness to market. The development of garden centers, as well as retail fruit and vegetable markets with a recreational atmosphere, have become commonplace.
Lawnscape horticulture involves a research and education effort that runs a close parallel with landscape horticulture and fits well the research specialties identified by ASHS. Lawns separate from flowers, shrubs, and trees have limited appeal, reserved mostly for sports stadiums. The true value of the lawnscape is measured in terms of how well it fits the landscape. Turf grass science has come of age. It is well recognized through its employment of fundamental research disciplines and areas of specialization. The result is the lawnscape of the 1980s, one fit for the best of residential living wherever settlements exist.
The Canadian Province of Ontario lies north of the Great Lakes and borders the States of New York, Ohio, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota. The total area of these five states is about two-thirds that of Ontario. Ontario’s most southern area is on the same latitude as the north part of California while to the north it stretches to Hudson Bay. Commercial horticultural production is mainly in southern Ontario where favourable soil and climate conditions exist. The horticultural crops grown are similar to those of New York, Ohio and Michigan. Because of the similarities in production and postharvest problems encountered, horticulturists, both professional and growers, move freely back and forth across the border exchanging technical information.
indigenous Indonesian plant species have potential for development into horticultural crops. However, many of these species remain understudied and thus underused. The development of new horticultural crops in Indonesia is attractive for several reasons: 1
Balkan Peninsula. Regardless of the matter of formal taxonomic recognition, variants possessing desirable traits can be introduced into cultivation as horticultural plants. Snowdrops have been known in horticulture of the western countries for a long time
The United States has a rich and varied heritage. Beginning with the early settlements of Jamestown, Va., Plymouth, Mass., and St. Augustine, Fla., we have been influenced by a great diversity of climates, natural resources, ethnic populations, and foreign inputs. These influences and their products are well-documented in the traditional artifacts collected in museums: art, furniture, craftwork, and impliments. In communities across this nation many old buildings have been restored and furnished with the help of existing historical records. The desire for accuracy in such an undertaking extends to a need for historically accurate landscaping as well as architecture and furnishings. Horticultural restoration is of increasing interest and concern.
Urban horticulture brings together what used to be widely separated: food production and urban space. In a broader sense, urban horticulture encompasses everything from small home and community gardens to city park management, rooftop and wall
Our world is highly dependent on horticultural expertise to provide the technology and people necessary to meet the rapidly increasing global demand for fruits, vegetables, nuts, herbs, and ornamentals in the face of the changing global environment
, and animal production systems with little attention given to specialty industries such as horticulture. The green industry (nursery, greenhouse, and sod production) is one of the fastest growing sectors in agriculture ( Hall et al., 2005 ); however