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‘Arima’ (left) and ‘Mipung’ (right) in late September. ‘Mipung’ has short and dense burs, dark brown nuts somewhat triangular in shape, good gloss, a nut height to nut width ratio of 0.79, and a hilum length to nut width ratio of 0.97 ( Fig. 2A

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≈24 Sept. ‘Jahong’ has short and dense burrs, dark brown nuts, a rounded triangular shape, a nut height-to-nut width ratio of 0.86, and a hilum length-to-nut width ratio of 0.59. So, the nuts from ‘Jahong’ can be distinguished from those of other

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produced larger nuts than other varieties, with the nut height to nut width ratio of 1.08 ± 0.03, a hilum length to nut width ratio of 1.15 ± 0.06, 0.0% polyembryonic nuts, 0.13% pericarp splitting, and weak degree of penetration of the seedcoat into the

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and beige with dark brown spots near and around the hilum at harvest. The average 100 mature seed weight is 14.6 g compared with ICPL 86012, which had a lower weight of 13 g, and 13KPP-264-05 and ‘Lázaro’, which had higher seed weights of 17.3 g

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seed color, closed hilum and/or micropyle, presence of water gaps in the lens, and cracks in the seedcoat cuticle have all been associated with differences between hard and soft seed in terms of water permeability (Smýkal et al., 2014 ). In general

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: 10 mm ( A ), 1 mm ( B–D, G–I ), 50 μm ( E ), 250 μm ( F ), 250 μm ( J ), 50 μm ( K ), 250 μm ( L ), and 250 μm ( M ). AN = apical notch; AVB = axial vascular bundle; B = beak; C = chalaza; DE = distal end; F = fossettes; H = hilum; K = karina; OVB

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might be present in OSU5446. Flower color (white for OSU5446 and purple for RR6950) indicated the presence of V in RR6950. RR6950 seed were shiny ( JJ ) and possessed a hilum ring ( DD ). OSU5446 had shiny seed but p masked hilum ring color. No

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brief review of the genetics of partly colored seed coats in common bean Annu. Rep. Bean Improv. Coop. 43 99 101 Bassett, M.J. Shearon, C. McClean, P.E. 1999 Allelism found between two common bean genes, hilum ring color ( D ) and partly colored seedcoat

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of seed coat color and pattern in common bean Plant Breed. Rev. 28 239 315 Bassett, M.J. Shearon, C. McClean, P. 1999 Allelism found between two common bean genes, hilum ring color ( D ) and partly

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developed based on simple Mendelian genetic models. They have also been used to describe many other traits in faba bean such as hilum color, seedcoat color, flower color, pigmentation and dwarfism ( Khazaei et al., 2014 ; O’Sullivan and Angra, 2016

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