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Angela Y.Y. Kong, Cynthia Rosenzweig and Joshua Arky

estimates have been widely used to assess the effects of various management practices, such as tillage, crop rotations, and fertilization, on N availability (e.g., Campbell and Souster, 1982 ; Doran, 1987 ; Franzluebbers et al., 1995 ). Potentially

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Lori Hoagland, John Navazio, Jared Zystro, Ian Kaplan, Jose Gomez Vargas and Kevin Gibson

foliar pathogens, though rapid spread under ideal environmental conditions and potential for development of fungicide resistant isolates are making these diseases increasingly difficult to manage. Organic growers commonly rely on crop rotation to disrupt

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Rafael A. Muchanga, Toshiyuki Hirata and Hajime Araki

Compost Sci. Util. 19 88 97 Campbell, C.A. Selles, F. Lafond, G.P. Zentner, R.P. 2001 Adopting zero tillage management: Impact on soil C and N under long-term crop rotations in a thin Black Chernozem Can. J. Soil Sci. 81 139 148 Campbell, C.A. Souster, W

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David R. Bryla

optimizes the capture of applied N and other nutrients, could easily be used elsewhere and perhaps for other cropping systems. Certain management practices such as soil tillage, planting distribution, and crop rotation could also be manipulated toward

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Joji Muramoto, Richard F. Smith, Carol Shennan, Karen M. Klonsky, James Leap, Miriam Silva Ruiz and Stephen R. Gliessman

California ( Gaskell, 2004 ). Therefore, a cover crop can be a valuable source of short-term N but longer season vegetable crops after a cover crop rotation may require supplemental applications of fertilizer N to supply late-season N ( Delate et al., 2008

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Gina Zirkle, Rattan Lal and Bruce Augustin

semiarid grasslands: Implications for the Conservation Reserve Program Ecol. Monogr. 5 793 801 Campbell, C.A. Zenter, R.P. 1993 Soil organic matter as influenced by crop rotation and fertilization Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J. 57 1034 1040 Carrow, R.N. Waddington

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Chandrasekar S. Kousik, Jennifer L. Ikerd, Patrick Wechter, Howard Harrison and Amnon Levi

( Morrissey, 2006 ). The current recommended strategy for managing P. capsici includes a combination of several control methods, cultural practices that ensure well-drained soils, crop rotation, soil solarization, reducing splash dispersed soil, and

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Kelly Gude, Cary L. Rivard, Sara E. Gragg, Kimberly Oxley, Petros Xanthopoulos and Eleni D. Pliakoni

.5). The trial was located within a three-season high tunnel [200 ft long × 24 ft wide (Haygrove, Mount Joy, PA)]. In 2015, the trial was planted in a different but identical tunnel to facilitate crop rotation. Shadecloth (30%) was applied when daily high

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María Daniela Mares-Quiñones and Juan Ignacio Valiente-Banuet

piquin peppers plants should be deep and well drained. In addition, crop rotation with Gramineae or Leguminosae can help to reduce the risk of plant diseases and soil degradation problems ( Mena, 2004 ). Screening for salinity resistance in wild pepper

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Lijia Shi, Jinghui Wang, Zhifeng Gao, Xin Zhao, Francesco Di Gioia, Haichao Guo, Jason Hong, Monica Ozores-Hampton and Erin Rosskopf

., 2013 ; Shennan et al., 2014 ), such as crop rotation, soil flooding (especially for nematodes), soil solarization, biofumigation, soil disinfestation with steam, soilless growing systems, and ASD ( Larkin, 2015 ; Molendijk et al., 2009 ; Rosskopf et