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., 2012 ). Additionally, SSRs have been used to demonstrate that well-known cultivars such as Picual and Arbequina are self-incompatible ( Díaz et al., 2006b ). As a consequence, paternity testing with SSRs is considered a very useful tool in olive

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germplasm resource for chrysanthemums has been built. Currently, the number of chrysanthemum cultivars worldwide is ≈20,000 to 30,000 ( Anderson, 2006 ). In China, chrysanthemums were traditionally classified into five petal types such as flat, spoon

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). Although peach appears to favor its native temperate cool dry climate and well-drained soil, diverse cultivars developed around the world have expanded the adaptability to a wide range of climatic and edaphic conditions from subtropical to subarctic zones

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traditional flowers in China and offering them an extremely important position in the global cut-flower market ( Yang et al., 2015 ; Yu et al., 2011 ). According to a new classification, section Paeonia has 25 species and more than 1000 cultivars around the

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architecture and cropping potential ( Bernad and Socias i Company, 1998 ). In almond, diverse tree architectures among cultivars are mainly the result of their genetically determined branching patterns rather than pruning practices because trees are usually

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Eaton, 1986 ; Strik et al., 1991 ). However, recently released cultivars are reputed to exhibit extensive return bloom ( Roper, 2006 ). Return bloom occurs when a fruiting upright develops a mixed bud, thereby circumventing biennial bearing. Much of the

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resources. It is estimated that among over 3000 cultivars worldwide, there are more than 2000 cultivars in China. Commercially available cultivated apricots include many cultivars differing in color, shape, and flavor. As an important origination center

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cultivars perform well as ornamental shrubs or trees in U.S. Department of Agriculture cold-hardiness Zones 7 through 9. Lagerstroemia fauriei is found only on the Japanese island of Yakushima, has strong resistance to powdery mildew ( Erysiphe

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Nations, 2005 ). In the past 30 years, China has made substantial progress in walnut breeding with more than 40 cultivars developed and used for production. However, as development progressed, distinguishing walnut cultivars became problematic both for

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Turkey and the Caucasus. Most of the world's production is based on selections from local wild populations with different cultivars grown in each zone. Most cultivars are single clones, although some, including a few leading Turkish types (e.g., Tombul

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