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Xiaojing Liu, Naiwei Li, Fengfeng Du, Xin Li, Yajun Chang, Ning Shi, Yuesheng Ding and Dongrui Yao

traditional cultivars were pigmented with red, pink, or white ( Wang and Zhang, 1999 ; Zhang et al., 2011 ). The development of new color cultivars in lotus has always been a goal for breeders. In China, over 800 cultivars have been created, and the demand

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Ryan S. Donahoo, William W. Turechek, Judy A. Thies and Chandrasekar S. Kousik

muskmelon caused by P. capsici was reported in southwest and west–central Florida where the symptoms included fruit rot, water-soaked lesions on leaves, and dieback of shoot tips ( McGovern et al., 1993 ). In a recent evaluation of commercial rootstocks

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Annelle W.B. Holder, Winston Elibox, Christopher Avey and Pathmanathan Umaharan

margins ( Prior et al., 1985 ). Lesions develop rapidly resulting in large, black necrotic spots which become gray-black on older leaves and also deform the infected leaves ( Prior et al., 1985 ). Necrotic spots are also surrounded by greasy margins and

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Michael D. Meyer and Mary K. Hausbeck

Phytophthora crown rot development. Growing plants on raised beds improves water drainage, thereby limiting the conditions favorable for disease development. Phytophthora blight incidence on pepper was 18% in flat beds and 5% in beds raised 45 cm ( Hwang and

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Andrew K. Miles, Malcolm W. Smith, Nga T. Tran, Timothy A. Shuey, Megan M. Dewdney and André Drenth

symptoms similar to hard spot can occasionally be observed on leaves and twigs ( Kiely, 1948 ; Truter, 2010 ). Pycnidia of P. citricarpa often develop within lesions, for example within the hard spot lesions ( Fig. 1F ). The pycnidia form conidia, which

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Dharmalingam S. Pitchay, Jonathan M. Frantz, James C. Locke, Charles R. Krause and George C. J. Fernandez

infects leaves, stems, and flowers. Symptoms of the disease appear as water-soaked lesion spots, which quickly coalesce affecting the entire tissue, causing major economic loss ( Elad, 1988 ; Hausbeck and Moorman, 1996 ). Susceptibility to B. cinerea

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Kelly Nascimento-Silva, Luis Roca-Castillo, María Benlloch-González and Ricardo Fernández-Escobar

al., 2017). The disease is also called peacock’s eye, and the main symptom in olive trees is circular lesions, sometimes with a chlorotic halo on the upper side of the leaves. Lesions change from a typical black scab to a whitish scab when high

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Xuetong Fan, Kimberly J. Sokorai, Brendan A. Niemira, Robert S. Mills and Mark Yueqian Zhen

Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase inhibitors do not prevent russet spotting lesion development in lettuce midribs J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 123 687 691 Prakash, A. Guner, A.R. Caporaso, F. Foley, D.M. 2000 Effects of low-dose gamma irradiation on the shelf life and

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Clíssia Barboza da Silva, Julio Marcos-Filho, Pablo Jourdan and Mark A. Bennett

seedling development ( Bosland et al., 2012 ). As a consequence, direct sowing in the field is not considered as a viable alternative to the more costly plug transplants that are required for uniform field stands. A promising strategy that may permit direct

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Brad Geary, Corey Ransom, Brad Brown, Dennis Atkinson and Saad Hafez

pesticides to help plant growth and bulb development. Treasure Valley onion fields are commonly fumigated with the commercial fumigant metam sodium to help control weeds, pathogens, and nematodes. Fumigation normally occurs the fall before spring