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Bielinski M. Santos

fumigated with methyl bromide plus chloropicrin (67:33 v/v) at a rate of 175 lb/acre to eliminate soil-borne diseases, nematodes, and weeds in the soil. Simultaneously, each bed was fertilized with 50 lb/acre of a 15N–0P–24.9K granular formula, and they were

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is highly susceptible to soilborne pathogens that incite diseases of roots and rhizomes, such as species of Pythium and Phytophthora . Preplant soil fumigations with methyl bromide and chloropicrin formulations routinely have been used by growers

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Jesse Wimer, Debra Inglis and Carol Miles

, V. Pascual, B. Lopez, S. Guardiola, J.L. 2004 The grafting of triploid watermelon is an advantageous alternative to soil fumigation by methyl bromide for control of Fusarium wilt Sci. Hort. 103 9 17 Paplomatas, E.J. Elena, K. Tsagkarakou, A. 2000

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Ana María Prados-Ligero, María José Basallote-Ureba, Carlos José López-Herrera and José María Melero-Vara

, A.M. Basallote, M.J. López-Herrera, C.J. 2005 Physical and chemical methods of controlling Fusarium wilt of carnation as alternatives to methyl bromide treatments Acta Hort. 698 175 179 Navas Becerra, J

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Hira Singh, Pradeep Kumar, Sushila Chaudhari and Menahem Edelstein

cultivation in different countries. Table 1. Percentage of grafted tomato cultivation to the total area of tomato cultivation in different countries. Grafting in tomato was primarily practiced as an alternative to the methyl bromide for the control of

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Francisco Alcon, Mari Carmen García-Martínez, María Dolores De-Miguel and María Ángeles Fernández-Zamudio

use of methyl bromide (MB). Nevertheless, the risks it poses to the environment have generated great deliberation and, after long debate, the Montreal Protocol was signed in 1987 with the decision to ban general use after 2005. An alternative to MB is

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Carmen Soria, Juan J. Medina, Pedro Domínguez, María T. Ariza, Luis Miranda, Rosalía Villalba, Josefa Gálvez, José F. Sánchez-Sevilla, Iraida Amaya, Rafael Sesmero and José M. López-Aranda

.J. 2002 Soil solarization and biofumigation in strawberry in Spain Proc. International Conference on Alternatives to Methyl Bromide. The remaining challenges Seville, Spain 123 125 Soria, C. Sa'nchez-Sevilla, J

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Maria T. Ariza, Juan J. Medina, Luis Miranda, José A. Gómez-Mora, Berta De Los Santos, Antonieta de Cal, Elsa Martínez-Ferri, Lucía Cervantes, Rosalía Villalba and Carmen Soria

. International Conference on Alternatives to Methyl Bromide. The Remaining Challenges, Seville, Spain. p. 123–125 R.A.E.A. Fresas 2004 Ensayo de variedades de fresa. Campaña 2004. J. de Andalucía (ed.). Viceconsejería, Servicio de Publicaciones y Divulgación

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ChihCheng T. Chao and Robert R. Krueger

. Alternatives to methyl bromide treatment include alternative chemicals, controlled atmospheres, and physical control methods ( Glasner et al., 2002 ). Fruit quality may be manipulated through hydration, dehydration, or curing as appropriate, and dates are

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Maria E. Monzon, Bill Biasi, Elizabeth J. Mitcham, Shaojin Wang, Juming Tang and Guy J. Hallman

require Probit 9 security, a mortality rate of 99.9968%. Quarantine control can be met with chemical treatments, most commonly with methyl bromide fumigation. There is increased interest in finding alternatives to the use of methyl bromide as a