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Long Ma, Kevin E. Kenworthy, Huangjun Lu and Ronald Cherry

35 °C and primarily used in the southern United States. Two species, Bermudagrass [ Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon (L.) Pers.] and St. Augustinegrass [ Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) Kuntze], dominate warm-season turfgrass production ( Duble

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Xiaoya Cai, Laurie E. Trenholm, Jason Kruse and Jerry B. Sartain

St. augustinegrass [ Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) Kuntze] is widely used as a warm-season turfgrass. This is one of the most popular turfgrass species used for home lawns throughout the southern United States. St. augustinegrass has better shade

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John E. Erickson and Kevin E. Kenworthy

). Decreased solar radiation and/or shade result in lower ET rates ( Feldhake et al., 1983 ). Finally, species selection has been shown to influence ET, and in particular cool-season grasses generally have higher ET rates than warm-season grasses ( Biran et al

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Hrvoje Rukavina and Harrison G. Hughes

Saltgrass is a warm-season grass with excellent drought, heat, and salinity tolerance ( Kopec and Marcum, 2001 ; Rukavina, 2006 ). It is native to North America and commonly grows in saline and alkaline soils across the western United States

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Benjamin Wherley and Thomas R. Sinclair

increased tillering, stem growth, and root growth of turfgrasses ( Han et al., 2004 ). Previous reports of the effects of TE on root growth have been contradictory, although increases in rooting from TE are more often associated with warm-season grasses

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Christopher A. Proctor and Zachary J. Reicher

( Busey, 2003 ). Common purslane ( Portulaca oleracea L.) is a warm-season summer annual weed often found in thin turf, bare soil areas ( Matthews et al., 1993 ), or during turfgrass establishment. For spring establishment of turfgrass or in thin turf

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James T. Brosnan, Gregory K. Breeden and Patrick E. McCullough

- and warm-season turfgrasses ( Chism and Bingham, 1991 ; Dernoeden et al., 2003 ; Enache and Ilnicki, 1991 ; Hart et al., 2004 ; Johnson, 1994a , 1994b , 1995 , 1996 ; Reicher et al., 1999 ); however, turfgrass injury after treatment with

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Jordan M. Craft, Christian M. Baldwin, Wayne H. Philley, James D. McCurdy, Barry R. Stewart, Maria Tomaso-Peterson and Eugene K. Blythe

Ultradwarf bermudagrass is the most prevalent warm-season species used on putting greens in warm, humid regions ( Hartwiger and O’Brien, 2006 ). Ultradwarf bermudagrasses have fine-textured leaf blades, short internodes, high shoot density, and the

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Jinmin Fu, Jack Fry and Bingru Huang

.S. 1996a Rooting and drought avoidance of warm-season grasses and tall fescue in Kansas Crop Sci. 31 1331 1334 Qian, Y.L. Fry, J.D. Wiest, S.C. Upham, W.S. 1996b Estimating turfgrass

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Ben Wherley, Ambika Chandra, Anthony Genovesi, Mason Kearns, Tim Pepper and Jim Thomas

Shade is a major challenge for turfgrass managers worldwide. The shade environment can be particularly challenging to warm-season turfgrasses, which have inherently higher light compensation points relative to cool-season grasses ( Beard, 1973